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Password disclosure and remote access in Netcool/NeuSecure Security information management platform
From: "D.Snezhkov" <dsnezhkov () gmail com>
Date: Thu, 16 Feb 2006 12:06:37 -0600

Multiple security information disclosure paths and remote access
Netcool/NeuSecure Security information management platform .


Cleartext-storage of passwords in the configuration file
Cleartext reporting of user password in the log
Default backend Mysql database user  and remote access.
Laxed  filesystem permissions and  id/password leak.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Netcool/NeuSecure is a security information management (SIM) platform
designed to improve the effectiveness, efficiency and visibility of
security operations and information risk management. The solution
centralizes and stores security data from throughout the enterprise,
automating incident recognition and response, streamlining incident
handling, enabling policy monitoring enforcement and providing
comprehensive reporting for regulatory compliance. The centralization
and automation of these functions results in reduced costs of security
and IT operations

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                Vendor communication history.

Feb 3  contacted customer.relations () micromuse com asking to log a support call.
        was promptly  redirected to support () micromuse com
Feb 3  email explaining vulnerability sent to support () micromuse com 
Prompt automated
        response.
Feb 3  Ticket is opened with tag: Insufficient customer information.
Need customer id,
        support contract  number and environment description.
        Due to the nature of this independent research, such
        information is not available or cannot be provided to the support.
Feb 3  Second request for customer information in order to
successfully log the issue.
        I stated one more time that any technical, non-customer related information
        can and will be provided.
Feb 6  Third request for customer information. And once more, I
explained the situation
        willing to give any information not pertaining to the customer.
Ticket is downgraded
        to lower priority.
Feb 16 Ticket is apparently closed. Disclosing to  the list.


+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Platform : RedHat EL 3
------------------------------------------------------------------
JReports-NeuSecure-3.0.236-1
common-NeuSecure-3.0.236-1
cms-NeuSecure-3.0.236-1
------------------------------------------------------------------

1. Default build  has laxed  directory permissions which may lead to
a regular user viewing configuration files containing passwords.


-rw-r--r--    1 ns       ns           1228 Feb  3 10:25 /etc/neusecure.conf
drwxr-xr-x   15 ns       ns           4096 Dec  1 12:43 /opt/NeuSecure
drwxr-xr-x    2 ns       ns           4096 Jan  9 21:42 /opt/NeuSecure/etc/
-rw-r--r--    1 ns       ns           1334 Nov 16 18:44
/opt/NeuSecure/etc/cms-3.0.236.buildconf


2.  Cleartext-storage of passwords in the configuration file
/etc/neusecure.conf:


/etc/neusecure.conf
ORACLE_HOME=
CMS_DBHOST=localhost
CMS_DBNAME=xxx
CMS_DBUSER=ns
CMS_DBPASS=nsl0ck
CMS_DBTYPE=mysql
CMSM_DBHOST=localhost
CMSM_DBNAME=xxxxx
CMSM_DBUSER=ns
CMSM_DBPASS=nsl0ck
FULL_REPORTS_STACKTRACE=true
JAVA_HEAP_SIZE=-Xmx256M
AAM=1
VULN_MEM=256
###########################
# JReports Config Variables #
###########################
RPT_DBHOST=reportserver
RPT_DBNAME=xxxx
RPT_DBUSER=ns
RPT_DBPASS=nsl0ck
RPT_DBTYPE=mysql
#RPT_DBHOST


3. Cleartext reporting of  the <ns> user password in the log  viewable
by an unprivileged user which leads to direct mysql database
connection and authentication with possibility to dump users and
passwords  from  the 'auth' table:

-rw-rw-r--    1 ns       ns           5102 Jan  9 12:17
/opt/NeuSecure/./bin/ns_archiver.log

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Building NSSQLConnection "CMS Connection" type = mysql name = nsdbp
[1136830628.351]NSSQLConnection::NSSQLConnection => building mysql
connection to: hostString = "/tmp/mysql.sock () nsdbp" user = "ns" pass =
"nsl0ck"
[1136830628.356]connected successfully!
[1136830628.356]Connected using UNIX socket:/tmp/mysql.sock

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

trivial to connect to backend ....

Workaround:
-----------------------------------
   Unfortunately, you cannot avoid storing cleartext passwords by
changing configuration
   options. This should be reworked by the vendor.
   Default password can be changed, but is still cleartext in the
configuration file.

1. Secure permissions to the password file to avoid unprivileged users
 reading the file.
2. Redirect log  storage to secure place,  secure access permissions.
3. Change access permissions on the database



Dimitry Snezhkov.
_______________________________________________
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