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Re: Vulnerability automation and Botnet "solutions" I expect to see this year
From: <cdejrhymeswithgay () hush com>
Date: Thu, 26 Oct 2006 09:28:16 -0500

Hash: SHA1

On Tue, 24 Oct 2006 10:52:58 -0500 Gadi Evron <ge () linuxbox org>
So, what I am going to talk about... A tad bit of history on
vulnerabilities and their use on the Internet, and then, what we
are going
to see on corporate, ISP and Internet security relating to botnets

coming year.

Vulnerabilities don't exist for the sake of vulnerabilities. They
are used
for something, they are a tool. Botnets are much the same, using
vulnerabilities on the next layer.

This past year we have seen how disclosed vulnerabilities, patched
vulnerabilities and 0days have been utilized by automated kits. An
inter-linked system of websites which download malicious code
(update the
kits), try to infect millions of users from just a couple dozen
main hubs,
and react to the environment.
If a certain vulnerability is seen to be more successful on
certain OS
types or if one is found to not work, the kit will be fixed
and distributed. Often immediately after a patch Tuesday, likely
that same
Friday evening.

This way, income can be maximized with the number of infections,
stolen and thus ROI. Both from the expected response time of the
as well as how many victims can be reached in that window.

One such kit is Webattacker, which has recently been getting more
known in
public circles.

Where we are

That does it, botnets are mainstream. People did not yet
understand the
idea that software vulnerabilities facilitate an attack (=are not
attack) and botnets facilitate much the same, only on a different
level. I
will discuss that further after what interests everybody.

Solutions in the coming year!

First, many products in the industry have been implemented
successfully in
the past, just as solutions of necessity, not "products". Some
successful, some failed. Some (services) have been supplied to the

and connected, some haven't.
Botnets are now main-stream, which means other lesser beings and
corporations want these services. They want to be protected in a
world. They realize the Internet is not a safe place, and plan

Services we will see more and more of:
*. Intelligence (very limited), showing IP addresses for botnet
and control (C&C) servers, which your computers may be connecting
(i.e. compromised).
*. Intelligence (very limited), showing IP addresses that you
which show in spam (meaning compromised hosts) or show in other
ways in
botnet data being collected. Mostly, this is spam-oriented and the

rest of
the intelligence is barely noticeable as of yet.
*. Intelligence (very limited) on the millions on millions of
(for sites, credit cards, banks, eCommerce systems, etc.) and
being stolen every single day by massive phishing man-in-the-
middle trojan
*. Intelligence (very limited) other black listing services.

In the past, a limited version of these services was provided, but

secretly, and at a very high cost.


Botnet products on the network can either detect internal problems

as bots on the corporate or ISP network or the spreading of
infections) or
external problems (such as C&C servers or attacks from the world).

can be based on behavior or intelligence.

Solutions, which we discussed in the past and are now going to

Intelligence-based (until now only supplied by select groups to
groups) -
*. Known bad IPs. Etc. Much like in spam, only for other realms.
*. Known bad URLs or domain names. Etc. Much like in spam, only
for other

Detection -
*. IDS approach (decent but not even close to cutting it),
*. DNS monitoring approach (very cool, but is just one approach in

layered solution).
*. Netflow approach (proven for years now, only one approach,
useful, which is growing more limited every day).

Respond and quarantine -
*. Walled garden approach (close off/limit suspicious or confirmed
compromised computers until they clean themselves. NOt successful
current solutions, shows promise).
*. Try to fix the situation remotely (solve the vulnerabilities,
etc. ahead of time or remove after the fact).

There are several others, but these are the main ones describing
the 10 or
so products we are about to see (all of which are already
publicly as open source, privately developed tools or unsuccessful
solutions due to lack of client awareness and interest).

QoS, virtualization and half decent intelligence gathering will
next. Other solutions I will not waste breath speaking of right
now, they
will appear for public consumption once the effectiveness of the
above (or the better ones there) is done to dust.

What's next?

Decent, real decent, intelligence, and support response tools to
what you find in conjunction with a response team trained to deal
thousands of real incidents rather than mark check-lists on a
couple an
hour to a couple a month. That's simply not being aware of what's
happening in your network.
Many of the CERTs and SOCs are very trained and high quality, they

are not
equipped or don't see what they need to react to nor in most cases

built to deal with this threat.

What's never going to happen?

With security done right, on a wide-scale, with a decent systems
network, policy, monitoring and responce - a lot can be done and
0days can
also be avoided, even (and especially) with business concerns
being put

Gadi Evron,
ge () linuxbox org 

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