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PHP 5.2.5 cURL safe_mode bypass
From: "Maksymilian Arciemowicz" <cxib () securityreason com>
Date: Tue, 22 Jan 2008 23:51:19 +0100

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[PHP 5.2.5 cURL safe_mode bypass ]

Author: Maksymilian Arciemowicz (cXIb8O3)
SecurityReason
Date:
- - Written: 21.08.2007
- - Public: 22.01.2008

SecurityReason Research
SecurityAlert Id: 51

CVE: CVE-2007-4850
SecurityRisk: Medium

Affected Software: PHP 5.2.4 and 5.2.5
Advisory URL:
http://securityreason.com/achievement_securityalert/51
Vendor: http://www.php.net

- --- 0.Description ---

PHP is an HTML-embedded scripting language. Much of its syntax is borrowed from C, Java and Perl with a couple of 
unique PHP-specific features thrown in. The goal of the language is to allow web developers to write dynamically 
generated pages quickly.

PHP supports libcurl, a library created by Daniel Stenberg, that allows you to connect and communicate to many 
different types of servers with many different types of protocols. libcurl currently supports the http, https, ftp, 
gopher, telnet, dict, file, and ldap protocols. libcurl also supports HTTPS certificates, HTTP POST, HTTP PUT, FTP 
uploading (this can also be done with PHP's ftp extension), HTTP form based upload, proxies, cookies, and user+password 
authentication.

These functions have been added in PHP 4.0.2. 

- --- 1. cURL ---
This is very similar to CVE-2006-2563. 

http://securityreason.com/achievement_securityalert/39


The first issue [SAFE_MODE bypass]

var_dump(curl_exec(curl_init("file://safe_mode_bypass\x00".__FILE__)));

is caused by error in curl/interface.c

- ---
#define PHP_CURL_CHECK_OPEN_BASEDIR(str, len, __ret)                                                                    
                                \
        if (((PG(open_basedir) && *PG(open_basedir)) || PG(safe_mode)) &&                                               
 \
            strncasecmp(str, "file:", sizeof("file:") - 1) == 0)                                                        
        \
        {                                                                                                               
                                                                        \
                php_url *tmp_url;                                                                                       
                                                        \
                                                                                                                        
\
                if (!(tmp_url = php_url_parse_ex(str, len))) {                                                          
                        \
                        php_error_docref(NULL TSRMLS_CC, E_WARNING, "Invalid URL '%s'", str);                           
\
                        php_curl_ret(__ret);                                                                            
        \
                }                                                                                                       
\
                                                                                                                        
\
                if (!php_memnstr(str, tmp_url->path, strlen(tmp_url->path), str + len)) {                               
\
                        php_error_docref(NULL TSRMLS_CC, E_WARNING, "URL '%s' contains unencoded control characters", 
str);     \
                        php_url_free(tmp_url);                                                                          
                                                \
                        php_curl_ret(__ret);                                                                            
        \
                }                                                                                                       
\
                                                                                                                        
                                                                        \
                if (tmp_url->query || tmp_url->fragment || php_check_open_basedir(tmp_url->path TSRMLS_CC) ||           
                                                        \
                        (PG(safe_mode) && !php_checkuid(tmp_url->path, "rb+", CHECKUID_CHECK_MODE_PARAM))       \
                ) {                                                                                                     
                                                                \
                        php_url_free(tmp_url);                                                                          
                                                \
                        php_curl_ret(__ret);                                                                            
        \
                }                                                                                                       
                                                                        \
                php_url_free(tmp_url);                                                                                  
                                                \
        }
- ---

if you have tmp_url = php_url_parse_ex(str, len)
where:

str = "file://safe_mode_bypass\x00".__FILE__

and this function will return:

tmp_url->path = __FILE__

curl_init() functions checks safemode and openbasedir for tmp_url->path. Not for real path.

- ---
        if (argc > 0) {
                char *urlcopy;

                urlcopy = estrndup(Z_STRVAL_PP(url), Z_STRLEN_PP(url));
                curl_easy_setopt(ch->cp, CURLOPT_URL, urlcopy);
                zend_llist_add_element(&ch->to_free.str, &urlcopy);
        }
- ---

the last step in curl_init() function will only copy file://safe_mode_bypass to urlcopy.

The main problem exists in php_url_parse_ex() function. If you put in curl_init() "file://host/somewhere/path.php", 
php_url_parse_ex() will select /somewhere/path.php to path varible. Looks good but it cannot be used, when you will 
check real path. Using file:///etc/passwd is correct but between file:// and /etc/passwd, php_url_parse_ex() will 
select host and return path to /passwd.

Tested in PHP 5.2.4 and PHP 5.2.5 (FreeBSD 6.2R)

cxib# php -v
PHP 5.2.5 with Suhosin-Patch 0.9.6.2 (cli) (built: Dec 10 2007 19:54:41) (DEBUG)
Copyright (c) 1997-2007 The PHP Group
Zend Engine v2.2.0, Copyright (c) 1998-2007 Zend Technologies

- --- 2. Exploit ---
SecurityReason will not public official exploit for this issue. But it is possible to read file from another 
directories like /etc/passwd.

- --- 3. How to fix ---
CVS

http://cvs.php.net/viewcvs.cgi/php-src/NEWS?revision=1.2027.2.547.2.1047&view=markup

- ---
Fixed a safe_mode bypass in cURL identified by Maksymilian Arciemowicz.
- ---

- --- 4. Greets ---
sp3x, Infospec, p_e_a, schain, l5x and iliaa

- --- 5. Contact ---

Author: SecurityReason [ Maksymilian Arciemowicz ( cXIb8O3 ) ]
Email: cxib [at] securityreason [dot] com
GPG: http://securityreason.pl/key/Arciemowicz.Maksymilian.gpg [NEW KEY]
GPG: http://securityreason.pl/key/Arciemowicz.Maksymilian.gpg.old [OLD KEY]
http://securityreason.com
http://securityreason.pl

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