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Multiple vulnerabilities in S.T.A.L.K.E.R. 1.0006
From: Luigi Auriemma <aluigi () autistici org>
Date: Sat, 28 Jun 2008 20:45:40 +0100


#######################################################################

                             Luigi Auriemma

Application:  S.T.A.L.K.E.R.: Shadow of Chernobyl
              http://www.stalker-game.com
Versions:     <= 1.0006
Platforms:    Windows
Bugs:         A] IPureServer::_Recieve buffer-overflow
              B] NET_Compressor::Decompress integer overflow
              C] MultipacketReciever::RecievePacket INT3
Exploitation: remote, versus server (probably clients too)
Date:         28 Jun 2008
Author:       Luigi Auriemma
              e-mail: aluigi () autistici org
              web:    aluigi.org


#######################################################################


1) Introduction
2) Bugs
3) The Code
4) Fix


#######################################################################

===============
1) Introduction
===============


S.T.A.L.K.E.R. is a FPS game developed by GSC Game World
(http://www.gsc-game.com) and released at the beginning of the 2007
(the Clear Sky sequel is planned for the next months).


#######################################################################

=======
2) Bugs
=======

----------------------------------------
A] IPureServer::_Recieve buffer-overflow
----------------------------------------

MultipacketReciever::RecievePacket is a function used in the game when
a packet beginning with the byte 0x39 is received.
The main actions performed by this function are:
- checking if a specific value in the packet is equal to 0xe0 or 0xe1
- calling NET_Compressor::Decompress for checking the availability of
  compressed data and decompress it through the lzo1x algorithm and a
  specific dictionary (mp\lzo-dict.bin)
- calling _Recieve for handling the content of this data

The _Recieve function gets the 16 bit number specified in the incoming
packet and uses memcpy with a 8 kilobytes stack buffer as destination,
the data from the packet as source and that 16 bit value as amount of
bytes to copy.

Each UDP packet in S.T.A.L.K.E.R. has a maximum size of 1472 bytes but
through the LZO compression implemented in the game is possible to
place up to 32 kilobytes of data in the packet resulting in a stack
based buffer-overflow fully controllable by the attacker.


----------------------------------------------
B] NET_Compressor::Decompress integer overflow
----------------------------------------------

This function checks if a specific byte in the packet is equal to 0xc1
in which case is performed a CRC check and the decompression of the
data using the rtc9_decompress function (lzo1x_decompress_dict_safe).
If the data is not compressed the function gets the current size of the
data in the packet and performs a memcpy(dst, data, data_size - 1), so
the sending of a packet without data causes a crash of the server due
to the copying of 0xffffffff (0 - 1) bytes.


------------------------------------------
C] MultipacketReciever::RecievePacket INT3
------------------------------------------

One of the first operations made by this interesting function is
checking if a certain byte in the packet is equal to 0xe0 or 0xe1
otherwise an INT3 instruction is executed leading to the immediate
termination of the server:

 01906F33   8A45 00          MOV AL,BYTE PTR SS:[EBP]
 01906F36   3C E1            CMP AL,0E1
 01906F38   56               PUSH ESI
 01906F39   57               PUSH EDI
 01906F3A   894C24 18        MOV DWORD PTR SS:[ESP+18],ECX
 01906F3E   74 05            JE SHORT xrNetSer.01906F45  ; jump if 0xe1
 01906F40   3C E0            CMP AL,0E0
 01906F42   74 01            JE SHORT xrNetSer.01906F45  ; jump if 0xe0
 01906F44   CC               INT3                        ; boom


The attacker needs to join the server for exploiting the above
vulnerabilities, but although it supports the banning of the IP
addresses is possible to spoof the packets and bypassing this
limitation due to the lack of handshakes in the protocol of the game.


#######################################################################

===========
3) The Code
===========


http://aluigi.org/poc/stalker39x.zip


#######################################################################

======
4) Fix
======


No fix


#######################################################################


--- 
Luigi Auriemma
http://aluigi.org

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