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SecurityReason: K-Meleon 1.5.3 Remote Array Overrun (Arbitrary code execution)
From: Maksymilian Arciemowicz <cxib () securityreason com>
Date: Fri, 20 Nov 2009 01:23:54 +0100

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[ K-Meleon 1.5.3 Remote Array Overrun (Arbitrary code execution) ]

Author: Maksymilian Arciemowicz and sp3x
http://SecurityReason.com
Date:
- - Dis.: 07.05.2009
- - Pub.: 20.11.2009

CVE: CVE-2009-0689
Risk: High
Remote: Yes

Affected Software:
- - K-Meleon 1.5.3

NOTE: Prior versions may also be affected.

Original URL:
http://securityreason.com/achievement_securityalert/72


- --- 0.Description ---
K-Meleon is an extremely fast, customizable, lightweight web browser
based on the Gecko layout engine developed by Mozilla which is also used
by Firefox. K-Meleon is free, open source software released under the
GNU General Public License and is designed specifically for Microsoft
Windows (Win32) operating systems.


- --- 1. K-Meleon 1.5.3 Remote Array Overrun (Arbitrary code execution) ---
The main problem exist in dtoa implementation. K-Meleon has the same
dtoa as a KDE, Opera and all BSD systems. This issue has been fixed in
Firefox 3.5.4 and fix

http://securityreason.com/achievement_securityalert/63

but fix for SREASONRES:20090625, used by openbsd was not good.
More information about fix for openbsd and similars SREASONRES:20091030,

http://securityreason.com/achievement_securityalert/69

We can create any number of float, which will overwrite the memory. In
Kmax has defined 15. Functions in dtoa, don't checks Kmax limit, and it
is possible to call 16<= elements of freelist array.


- --- 2. Proof of Concept  (PoC) ---

- -----------------------
<script>
var a=0.<?php echo str_repeat("1",296450); ?>;
</script>
- -----------------------

K-Meleon will crash with

Unhandled exception at 0x01800754 in k-meleon.exe: 0xC0000005: Access
violation reading location 0x0bc576ec.

01800754  mov         eax,dword ptr [ecx]

EAX     00000002        
ECX     0BC576EC        
EDI     028FEB51        


- --- 3. SecurityReason Note ---

Officialy SREASONRES:20090625 has been detected in:
- - OpenBSD
- - NetBSD
- - FreeBSD
- - MacOSX
- - Google Chrome
- - Mozilla Firefox
- - Mozilla Seamonkey
- - KDE (example: konqueror)
- - Opera
- - K-Meleon

This list is not yet closed. US-CERT declared that will inform all
vendors about this issue, however, they did not do it. Even greater
confusion caused new CVE number "CVE-2009-1563". Secunia has informed
that this vulnerability was only detected in Mozilla Firefox, but nobody
was aware that the problem affects other products like ( KDE, Chrome )
and it is based on "CVE-2009-0689". After some time Mozilla Foundation
Security Advisory
("http://www.mozilla.org/security/announce/2009/mfsa2009-59.html";)
was updated with note :
"The underlying flaw in the dtoa routines used by Mozilla appears to be
essentially the same as that reported against the libc gdtoa routine by
Maksymilian Arciemowicz ( CVE-2009-0689)".
This fact ( new CVE number for Firefox Vulnerability )and PoC in
javascript (from Secunia), forced us to official notification all other
vendors. We publish all the individual advisories, to formally show all
vulnerable software and to avoid wrong CVE number. We do not see any
other way to fix this issue in all products.

Please note:
Patch used in Firefox 3.5.4 does not fully solve the problem. Dtoa
algorithm is not optimal and allows remote Denial of Service in Firefox
3.5.5 giving long float number.


- --- 4. Fix ---
NetBSD fix (optimal):
http://cvsweb.netbsd.org/bsdweb.cgi/src/lib/libc/gdtoa/gdtoaimp.h

OpenBSD fix:
http://www.openbsd.org/cgi-bin/cvsweb/src/lib/libc/gdtoa/sum.c
http://www.openbsd.org/cgi-bin/cvsweb/src/lib/libc/gdtoa/strtorx.c
http://www.openbsd.org/cgi-bin/cvsweb/src/lib/libc/gdtoa/strtord.c
http://www.openbsd.org/cgi-bin/cvsweb/src/lib/libc/gdtoa/strtorQ.c
http://www.openbsd.org/cgi-bin/cvsweb/src/lib/libc/gdtoa/strtof.c
http://www.openbsd.org/cgi-bin/cvsweb/src/lib/libc/gdtoa/strtodg.c
http://www.openbsd.org/cgi-bin/cvsweb/src/lib/libc/gdtoa/strtod.c
http://www.openbsd.org/cgi-bin/cvsweb/src/lib/libc/gdtoa/smisc.c
http://www.openbsd.org/cgi-bin/cvsweb/src/lib/libc/gdtoa/misc.c
http://www.openbsd.org/cgi-bin/cvsweb/src/lib/libc/gdtoa/hdtoa.c
http://www.openbsd.org/cgi-bin/cvsweb/src/lib/libc/gdtoa/gethex.c
http://www.openbsd.org/cgi-bin/cvsweb/src/lib/libc/gdtoa/gdtoa.h
http://www.openbsd.org/cgi-bin/cvsweb/src/lib/libc/gdtoa/dtoa.c
http://www.openbsd.org/cgi-bin/cvsweb/src/lib/libc/gdtoa/dmisc.c
http://www.openbsd.org/cgi-bin/cvsweb/src/lib/libc/stdio/vfprintf.c
http://www.openbsd.org/cgi-bin/cvsweb/src/lib/libc/arch/vax/gdtoa/strtof.c
http://www.openbsd.org/cgi-bin/cvsweb/src/lib/libc/gdtoa/strtorxL.c
http://www.openbsd.org/cgi-bin/cvsweb/src/lib/libc/gdtoa/strtorf.c
http://www.openbsd.org/cgi-bin/cvsweb/src/lib/libc/gdtoa/strtordd.c
http://www.openbsd.org/cgi-bin/cvsweb/src/lib/libc/gdtoa/strtopxL.c
http://www.openbsd.org/cgi-bin/cvsweb/src/lib/libc/gdtoa/strtopx.c
http://www.openbsd.org/cgi-bin/cvsweb/src/lib/libc/gdtoa/strtopf.c
http://www.openbsd.org/cgi-bin/cvsweb/src/lib/libc/gdtoa/strtopdd.c
http://www.openbsd.org/cgi-bin/cvsweb/src/lib/libc/gdtoa/strtopd.c
http://www.openbsd.org/cgi-bin/cvsweb/src/lib/libc/gdtoa/strtopQ.c
http://www.openbsd.org/cgi-bin/cvsweb/src/lib/libc/gdtoa/strtodnrp.c
http://www.openbsd.org/cgi-bin/cvsweb/src/lib/libc/gdtoa/strtodI.c
http://www.openbsd.org/cgi-bin/cvsweb/src/lib/libc/gdtoa/strtoIxL.c
http://www.openbsd.org/cgi-bin/cvsweb/src/lib/libc/gdtoa/strtoIx.c
http://www.openbsd.org/cgi-bin/cvsweb/src/lib/libc/gdtoa/strtoIg.c
http://www.openbsd.org/cgi-bin/cvsweb/src/lib/libc/gdtoa/strtoIf.c
http://www.openbsd.org/cgi-bin/cvsweb/src/lib/libc/gdtoa/strtoIdd.c
http://www.openbsd.org/cgi-bin/cvsweb/src/lib/libc/gdtoa/strtoId.c
http://www.openbsd.org/cgi-bin/cvsweb/src/lib/libc/gdtoa/strtoIQ.c
http://www.openbsd.org/cgi-bin/cvsweb/src/lib/libc/gdtoa/qnan.c
http://www.openbsd.org/cgi-bin/cvsweb/src/lib/libc/gdtoa/g_xfmt.c
http://www.openbsd.org/cgi-bin/cvsweb/src/lib/libc/gdtoa/g_xLfmt.c
http://www.openbsd.org/cgi-bin/cvsweb/src/lib/libc/gdtoa/g_ffmt.c
http://www.openbsd.org/cgi-bin/cvsweb/src/lib/libc/gdtoa/g_dfmt.c
http://www.openbsd.org/cgi-bin/cvsweb/src/lib/libc/gdtoa/g_ddfmt.c
http://www.openbsd.org/cgi-bin/cvsweb/src/lib/libc/gdtoa/g__fmt.c
http://www.openbsd.org/cgi-bin/cvsweb/src/lib/libc/gdtoa/g_Qfmt.c
http://www.openbsd.org/cgi-bin/cvsweb/src/lib/libc/gdtoa/arithchk.c
http://www.openbsd.org/cgi-bin/cvsweb/src/lib/libc/stdlib/gcvt.c
http://www.openbsd.org/cgi-bin/cvsweb/src/lib/libc/stdlib/ecvt.c


- --- 5. Credits ---
Discovered by Maksymilian Arciemowicz and sp3x from SecurityReason.com.


- --- 6. Greets ---
Infospec p_e_a pi3


- --- 7. Contact ---
Email:
- - cxib {a.t] securityreason [d0t} com
- - sp3x {a.t] securityreason [d0t} com

GPG:
- - http://securityreason.com/key/Arciemowicz.Maksymilian.gpg
- - http://securityreason.com/key/sp3x.gpg

http://securityreason.com/
http://securityreason.pl/


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