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Re: Florida Power & Light Company (FPL) Fort Sumner Wind turbine Control SCADA was HACKED
From: "Thor (Hammer of God)" <thor () hammerofgod com>
Date: Sun, 17 Apr 2011 17:35:59 +0000

Oh, and many of the statutes *do not*
include "intent" in them.  So whether you're a black hat doing
something evil, or a white hat investigating so you can tell them they
have a problem, you're still in trouble.
Intent has nothing to do with using public services (I'm not sure how to
articulate it as a legal argument - sorry). If they are available and used, don't
complain after the fact. If a company does not want them used, they should
not advertise the service, or they should purchase a leased line.

I've tried to articulate this a couple of times but have apparently not done a good job of it.  The inclusion of 
"intent" in a statute is typically limited to serious crimes as it gives the defense a legal foothold to explicitly 
claim that there was no intent on behalf of the defendant, and therefore, are innocent.   For example, first degree 
murder - the burden of proof is on the prosecution to prove that the murder was performed with intent to kill; if this 
cannot be proved, then the defendant can't be found guilty.  That's on the legislative side of things...

Where intent comes into play more commonly is on the judicial side where a judge may, at their discretion,  derive a 
level of culpability based on the intent of the defendant.  In that case, intent certainly CAN have something to do 
with using public services depending on the scenario.  If nothing was actually "broken," the judge could still impose 
some level of sentence if they found the defendant intended to cause damage or break something.  

It is similar to the distinction between "assault" and "battery."   You can be charged with assault simply by saying 
certain things to a person.  Battery, of course, requires that you actually "harm" them (this can be verbal too).   
Though you might simply say something like "watch your back, you never know what might happen" if the judge considers 
it was your intent to actually threaten the person, you can be charged and found guilty of assault. 

The only reason I bring this up again is that in this environment, intent can certainly be used against you.  It is 
clear that the person posting that information "intended" to harm FPL.   The law won't say "you *HAVE* to intend to do 
it to be guilty," but the law can say "*IF* you intent to do it you are guilty" much like assault.   This is also where 
"reasonable and customary" comes into play.

Val always points out the "ignorance of the law is no excuse" angel, which is perfectly valid and true, but don't think 
that "not actually breaking anything" means that you are in the clear.

t


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