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Skype Account Service - Session Token Bypass Vulnerability
From: Vulnerability Lab <research () vulnerability-lab com>
Date: Sun, 18 Nov 2012 16:52:36 +0100

Title:
======
Skype Account Service - Session Token Bypass Vulnerability


Date:
=====
2012-11-15


References:
===========
http://www.vulnerability-lab.com/get_content.php?id=762
http://www.vulnerability-lab.com/get_content.php?id=739

MSRC ID: 13175


VL-ID:
=====
739


Common Vulnerability Scoring System:
====================================
6.2


Introduction:
=============
Skype is a proprietary voice-over-Internet Protocol service and software application originally created in 2003 by 
Swedish entrepreneur 
Niklas Zennström and his Danish partner Janus Friis. It has been owned by Microsoft since 2011. The service allows 
users to communicate 
with peers by voice, video, and instant messaging over the Internet. Phone calls may be placed to recipients on the 
traditional telephone 
networks. Calls to other users within the Skype service are free of charge, while calls to landline telephones and 
mobile phones are charged 
via a debit-based user account system. Skype has also become popular for its additional features, including file 
transfer, and videoconferencing. 
Competitors include SIP and H.323-based services, such as Linphone, as well as the Google Talk service, Mumble and 
Hall.com.

Skype has 663 million registered users as of September 2011. The network is operated by Microsoft, which has its Skype 
division headquarters 
in Luxembourg. Most of the development team and 44% of the overall employees of the division are situated in Tallinn 
and Tartu, Estonia.

Unlike most other VoIP services, Skype is a hybrid peer-to-peer and client–server system. It makes use of background 
processing on computers 
running Skype software. Skype`s original proposed name (Sky Peer-to-Peer) reflects this fact. Some network 
administrators have banned Skype 
on corporate, government, home, and education networks, citing reasons such as inappropriate usage of resources, 
excessive bandwidth usage, 
and security concerns.

(Copy of the Vendor Homepage: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Skype)


Abstract:
=========
The Vulnerability Laboratory Research Team discovered a high severity web session vulnerability in Microsofts Skype 
Account Service Application.


Report-Timeline:
================
2012-10-31:     Researcher Notification & Coordination (VL - Benjamin Kunz Mejri)
2012-11-01:     Vendor Notification (MSRC)
2012-11-01:     Vendor Response/Feedback (MSRC)
2012-11-12:     Vendor Fix/Patch (Skype)
2012-11-15:     Public Disclosure (Vulnerability Laboratory)


Status:
========
Published


Affected Products:
==================
Microsoft
Product: Skype Application & Software Account Service v2012 Q3


Exploitation-Technique:
=======================
Remote


Severity:
=========
High


Details:
========
A session token protection bypass vulnerability is detected in Microsofts Skype WebServer Auth System Application.
The vulnerability allows remote attackers without privileged application account to bypass the token expire protection 
of 
the skype account application system.

The high severity application vulnerability is located in the recovery account function of the skype account service 
application. 
In the recovery notification mail function is a GET request as link which expires after 6hours. The bug is located in 
the reset 
function when processing to load the token_expire parameter with value 1 (invalid). Attackers can change the stable url 
by using 
a zero (0+ / +0) to bypass the checked token_expire value (parameter) to get a valid link with the expired session.

Successful exploitation of the remote vulnerability can result in session token_expire bypass to validate ago expired 
reset requests.


Vulnerable Service(s):
                                [+] Microsoft > Skype > https://login.skype.com/

Vulnerable Section(s):
                                [+] Account Application Service - https://login.skype.com/account

Vulnerable Module(s):
                                [+] Recovery/Reset Function - 
https://login.skype.com/intl/de/account/password-reset-request

Vulnerable Module(s):
                                [+] token_expired


Proof of Concept:
=================
The vulnerability can be exploited by remote attackers without required user inter action and without privileged user 
account.
For demonstration or reproduce ...

Reset Account: (Mail Link) 
https://api.skype.com/tracking/emails/click?m=7131000014602077951&go=account.changepassword&x=intcmp%3DT_140-_-H-_-311012-_-
account.changepassword%26token%3D621d8b0e773cc298a149a1b916118114%26application%3Daccount

which leads to the expired request with the already used session 6h+ ago ...

https://login.skype.com/intl/de/account/password-reset-request?token=621d8b0e773cc298a149a1b916118114&mode=&token_expired=1

It is only required to insert 0 (zero) in the GET/POST request make the session valid again. Replace token_expired=1 => 
token_expired=0

https://login.skype.com/intl/de/account/password-reset-request?token=621d8b0e773cc298a149a1b916118114&mode=&token_expired=(+)0

Video(PoC Demo):
                                [+] http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lrNj785QQlg


Solution:
=========
2012-11-12:     Vendor Fix/Patch (Skype)


Risk:
=====
The security risk of the token protection bypass vulnerability is estimated as high.


Credits:
========
Vulnerability Laboratory [Research Team] - Benjamin Kunz Mejri (bkm () vulnerability-lab com)


Disclaimer:
===========
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may not apply. We do not approve or encourage anybody to break any vendor licenses, policies, deface websites, hack 
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                                        Copyright © 2012 | Vulnerability Laboratory



-- 
VULNERABILITY RESEARCH LABORATORY
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CONTACT: research () vulnerability-lab com


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