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Skype Account Service - Reset (Session) Password/Username Vulnerability
From: Vulnerability Lab <research () vulnerability-lab com>
Date: Sun, 18 Nov 2012 16:57:55 +0100

Title:
======
Skype Account Service - Reset (Session) Vulnerability


Date:
=====
2012-11-16


References:
===========
http://www.vulnerability-lab.com/get_content.php?id=720

MSRC ID: 13050[bc]

News:
http://news.softpedia.com/news/Skype-0Day-Vulnerability-Allowed-Hackers-to-Change-the-Password-of-Any-Account-Video-307672.shtml
http://www.scmagazine.com.au/News/323271,skype-account-hijack-hole-patched.aspx



VL-ID:
=====
720


Common Vulnerability Scoring System:
====================================
9.5


Introduction:
=============
Skype is a proprietary voice-over-Internet Protocol service and software application originally created in 2003 by 
Swedish entrepreneur 
Niklas Zennström and his Danish partner Janus Friis. It has been owned by Microsoft since 2011. The service allows 
users to communicate 
with peers by voice, video, and instant messaging over the Internet. Phone calls may be placed to recipients on the 
traditional telephone 
networks. Calls to other users within the Skype service are free of charge, while calls to landline telephones and 
mobile phones are charged 
via a debit-based user account system. Skype has also become popular for its additional features, including file 
transfer, and videoconferencing. 
Competitors include SIP and H.323-based services, such as Linphone, as well as the Google Talk service, Mumble and 
Hall.com.

Skype has 663 million registered users as of September 2011. The network is operated by Microsoft, which has its Skype 
division headquarters 
in Luxembourg. Most of the development team and 44% of the overall employees of the division are situated in Tallinn 
and Tartu, Estonia.

Unlike most other VoIP services, Skype is a hybrid peer-to-peer and client–server system. It makes use of background 
processing on computers 
running Skype software. Skype`s original proposed name (Sky Peer-to-Peer) reflects this fact. Some network 
administrators have banned Skype 
on corporate, government, home, and education networks, citing reasons such as inappropriate usage of resources, 
excessive bandwidth usage, 
and security concerns.

(Copy of the Vendor Homepage: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Skype)


Abstract:
=========
The Vulnerability Laboratory Research Team discovered a critical session vulnerability in Microsofts Skype Account 
Service Application.


Report-Timeline:
================
2012-10-01:     Researcher Notification & Coordination (VL - Benjamin Kunz Mejri)
2012-10-11:     Vendor Notification (Skype Security)
2012-10-11:     Vendor Notification (MSRC)
2012-10-23:     Vendor Response/Feedback (MSRC)
2012-11-12:     Vendor Fix/Patch *Hotfix (Skype)
2012-11-16:     Public Disclosure (Vulnerability Laboratory)


Status:
========
Published


Affected Products:
==================
Microsoft
Product: Skype Application & Software Account Service 2012 Q3


Exploitation-Technique:
=======================
Remote


Severity:
=========
Critical


Details:
========
A critical Password Reset (session) vulnerability is detected in Microsofts Skype WebServer Auth System Application.
The vulnerability allows remote attackers without privileged application account to exchange and reset any skype 
account.

The critical application vulnerability is located in the recovery account function of the skype account service 
application. 
In the recovery function is an auth request bound to the account session using the json form with jquery and the value 
of the intercape. 
The request itself is not sanitized. The value only check if exist and if empty but not validate the context again. The 
attacker can 
bypass the token protection via live session tamper to reset any account by exchanging the values local to his own. 
Exploitation 
requires `processing to request` via jquery implement JSon form request. Since yet it is only manually possible to 
exploit the remote 
vulnerability by using a session tamper tools like tamper data. A remote attacker can, for example bypass the token 
protection with 
values like “*/+[New Account Details] or [New Account Details]+/*“ to reset random skype application accounts or 
infiltrate specific 
choosen account by changing usernames or passwords.

Successful exploitation of the critical remote vulnerability result in skype account compromise, skype account 
infiltration, 
mail information disclosure or lead to skype user account manipulation.


Vulnerable Service(s):
                                [+] Microsoft - Skype Service - https://login.skype.com/

Vulnerable Section(s):
                                [+] Account Application Service - https://login.skype.com/account

Vulnerable Module(s):
                                [+] Recovery Function - https://login.skype.com/account/password-automation

Vulnerable Module(s):
                                [+] JSon & jquery


Proof of Concept:
=================
The vulnerability can be exploited by remote attacker without required user inter action. 
For demonstration or reproduce ...

Required for Exploitation:
                                [+] Tamper Data or other live tamper software
                                [+] Web Browser like mozilla firefox, ie9 or chrome
                                [+] A random registered skype user account to get a not expired session

Exploitation Techique(s):
                                [+] Bypass the Skype Recovery Page (request tamper) to New Pass or Reset
                                [+] Bypass token protection via not empty value with positiv value(s) to match
                                [+] Hold the request via tamper include own values to setup the new password

Next Step(s):
                                [+] Decode captcha & send automatique value(s) -> Account Service (Remote Exploit)

Reference(s):
                                [+] https://login.skype.com/account/password-automation

Video(PoC Demo):
                                [+] http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RPTEaJftNw0


Solution:
=========
2012-11-12:     Vendor Fix/Patch (Skype)


Risk:
=====
The security risk of the remote password and username reset (session) vulnerability is estimated as critical.


Credits:
========
Vulnerability Laboratory [Research Team] - Benjamin Kunz Mejri (bkm () vulnerability-lab com)
Vulnerability Laboratory [Research Team] - Chokri Ben Achour (meister () vulnerability-lab com)


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===========
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                                        Copyright © 2012 | Vulnerability Laboratory

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