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Red October relied on Java exploit to infect PCs
From: InfoSec News <alerts () infosecnews org>
Date: Tue, 15 Jan 2013 00:23:17 -0600 (CST)
By Dan Goodin
Jan 14 2013
Attackers behind a massive espionage malware campaign that went
undetected for five years relied in part on a vulnerability in the
widely deployed Java software framework to ensnare their victims, a
security researcher said.
The unknown attackers infected computers operated by the Russian
Federation, Iran, the US, and at least 36 other countries. They used
highly targeted malware to collect what's believed to be hundreds of
terabytes of sensitive data, according to researchers from antivirus
provider Kaspersky Lab. The success of the covert operation is largely
the result of malware and phishing e-mails that were highly customized
for each victim.
Now, Aviv Raff, a researcher with Israel-based Seculert, said he has
uncovered a website used to infect some of the victims of Operation Red
October (as the campaign has been dubbed). The website exploited a
critical Java vulnerability identified as CVE-2011-3544, allowing the
attackers to surreptitiously execute malicious code on visitors'
computers. Although Oracle developers patched the bug in October, 2011,
the malicious Java archive file was compiled the following February.
Raff's discovery provides a window into the inner workings of an
espionage campaign that collected passwords, cryptographic keys, and
sensitive diplomatic intelligence from some of the world's biggest
governments. They include a pseudo-randomly generated unique ID the
malicious executable assigned to each newly infected computer.
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- Red October relied on Java exploit to infect PCs InfoSec News (Jan 15)