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RE: Continental aggregation?
From: Jim Fleming <JimFleming () unety net>
Date: Fri, 10 Jan 1997 09:22:49 -0600
On Friday, January 10, 1997 4:03 AM, Bradley Dunn[SMTP:bradley () dunn org] wrote:
@ On Fri, 10 Jan 1997, Miguel A.L. Paraz wrote:
@ > Bradley Dunn wrote:
@ > > Is anyone currently aggregating at the continental boundary?
@ > Like, how? There isn't a single continent served by a only one provider,
@ > with the possible exception of Antarctica. :)
@ Each continent is served by only one registry, correct?
It seems to me that there is a flaw in the way the IPv4 address space is
viewed with respect to registries. Rather than try to decide what is an
ISP or an upstream provider or for that matter a registry, would it not
be easier to just agree that...
"Anyone or any organiztion who has been allocated a continguous
block of IPv4 addresses with at least 16 bits of variable bits is
considered to be a *registry* for that block and all addresses
in that block. Those addresses can be loaned or leased as that
*registry* sees fit subject to the terms and conditions of any
agreements that organization may have with one or more superior
registries whom allocated the block from a larger continguous block."
It seems to me that it is a historic fact and a historic mistake that IP
addresses have been allocated to many types of organizations without
those organizations understanding the *registry* duties that go with
such an allocation. For example. companies that have been allocated a /8
should be encouraged to be registries for that /8 or to pass the block to
a company that *is* willing to perform registry services for the block.
Registry services consist of:
Operation of a IN-ADDR.ARPA Name Server
Maintenance of Global IN-ADDR.ARPA Records
Registry to Registry Coordination
Network Engineering Assistance
Routing Agreement Negotiations
General Clerical Matters of Registries
Registry services have nothing to do with being an NSP, an ISP, an IAP,
an IPP, a webmaster, a geek, a guru, or a god.
If somehow, IPv4 addresses can be placed in the hands of *registries*
then the Internet can get on with the business of cleaning up the address
space. In many cases, the same organization that currently claims "ownership"
of an IPv4 address block could be considered to be a registry, but there should
be a recognition that the registry services are separate from the other missions
and operations of the organization.
Also, the block of IP addresses that more or less defines a registry, should
stay with the registry. The registry can of course be sold or consolidated with
a larger registry, but the registry function for that block could remain as an
As food for thought, I have included some notes on how registries can be
organized in a hierarchy. Even though registries do not necessarily allocate
on octet (byte) boundaries, they could be organized on those boundaries
for administrative and revenue flow purposes.
The following is only an example, for illustrative purposes.
@@@@@@@@@@ IPv8 Registry Revenue Notes @@@@@@@@@@@@
IPv8 addresses are 43 bits. They are 11 (3+8) bits larger than an IPv4 address.
This provides two levels of hierarchy above the IPv4 addresses.
The 3 bit field is called the Galaxy ID.
The 8 bit field is called the Stargate ID.
IPv8 addresses with a 0:0:x.x.x.x format are converted IPv4
addresses. IPv4 packets can be viewed as IPv8 packets
with an implied 0 in the Galaxy and Stargate fields.
8 Galaxy Registries
256 - Stargate Registries per Galaxy
256 - Continental Registries per Stargate
256 - Island Registries per Continent
Weighted Sum using double weights downstream
8+512+1024+2048 = 3592
8/3592 = .002227
512/3592 = .142538
1024/3592 = .285077
2048/3592 = .570155
Revenue Percentages to Various Registries
57.0155% to Island Registry
28.5077% to Continental Registry
14.2538% to Stargate Registry
00.2227% to Galaxy Registry
======== EXAMPLE - Based on Lease Rate of $2 per IP Address per Year
Typical Class C scenario
256 IP address x $2 - $512/year Gross Revenue from Customer
$512 x 57.0155% = $291.919360 to Island Registry
$512 x 28.5077% = $145.959424 to Continental Registry
$512 x 14.2538% = $41.609601 to Stargate Registry
$512 x 00.2227% = $1.14 to Galaxy Registry
Theoretical Total Potential Gross Revenues
Island Registries handle /16 allocations (16 bit address space to manage)
$291.92 x 256 = $74,731.36 Gross Revenue for Island Registry
Continental Registries handle /8 allocations (24 bit address space to manage)
$145.96 x 65,536 = $9,565,634.56 Gross Revenue for Continental Registry
Stargate Registries handle /0 allocations (32 bit address16 space to manage)
$41.61 x 16,777,216 = $698,099,957.76 Gross Revenue to Stargate Registry
Galaxy Registries handle /-8 allocations (40 bit address space to manage)
$1.14 x 4,294,967,296 = $4,896,262,717.44 Gross Revenue to Galaxy Registry
UNETY Systems, Inc.
JimFleming () unety net
JimFleming () unety net s0 g0 (EDNS/IPv8)
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