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Re: Now:Power/Generators (Was: Re[2]: telehouse - 25 broadway)
From: Lincoln Dale <ltd () interlink com au>
Date: Sun, 16 Sep 2001 16:02:14 -0700


[ staying from nanog to power-generation again... :-) ]

Gas (LPG [propane] or Natural Gas) burns far more "cleanly" that Diesel does.
due to this, you have far longer periods between maintenance, as there is much less that needs to be changed on the engine/genset.

that's the good part of it.

the bad part of it is that:
- there is less 'energy' in Gas (LPG or Natural) versus the equivalent weight/volume of Diesel. (in technical terms, the "net calorific value" (the amount of energy per gram) is lower for gas versus Diesel). that means that you need more of it to generate the same amount of energy.
   (read: it burns more to generate the same amount of energy)

 - Gas is typically harder to store lots of than Diesel.  LOTS harder.
one of the 'nice' properties of Diesel is that it doesn't catch fire easily. (except under extreme
   temperature or extreme pressure, or both).
   you most definitely cannot say the same thing about Gas.

[in power-station-construction, this is a huge plus for Diesel. boilermakers and welders could go about their job, even if there was a pool of diesel from leaks in a newly installed
   generator. :-)]


many Diesel gensets can be "converted" to operate on LPG/Natural Gas instead.
they typically end up with a higher operating temperature (but not significantly so), and may need some upgrades to some of the auxiliary equipment (fuel pump, cooling system / heat-exchangers / radiators), as well as some relatively minor mods to the engine itself. you also need a Governor that knows that its using LPG/NG rather than Diesel - the characteristics of how the engine behaves/responds are quite different.

on the topic of Oil Filters, one of the things that can be done to help "clean" the oil in a Diesel genset is to add a Centrifugal Pump to seperate the solids from the oil. this makes it possible to extend the maintenance periods (at least for Oil Filter changes) of Diesel gensets as well as improve the lifetime of the oil itself.
(Diesel gensets are fairly oil-hungry.  that is normal).


cheers,

lincoln.


At 06:04 PM 16/09/2001 -0400, Robert Boyle wrote:
In our new datacenter in Newton, NJ, we are in the process of getting RFPs to install Capstone micro turbines for backup power. They are DESIGNED to run for 8,000 hours before the first maintenance is needed. At 333 days (8k hours) an airfilter should be changed. They can run for 60 months 24/7 before a rebuild is needed. They need a tuneup kit at 24 and 48 months (assuming 24/7 service) at a cost of $2700 per service. They are impressive units, but... 1. They give off extreme amounts of heat (which can be used to heat your building), 2. they rely on natural or LP gas. 3. they are VERY expensive compared to diesel gensets - 2-4 times as much per Kw! A 60kW unit costs $69,775 A 28kW unit is $45,582. They can be ganged together to provide N+1 redundancy and load sharing.

http://www.capstoneturbine.com


I have no financial interest in the company, but they seem to be the only game in town with a unit with EXTREME runtimes. Does anyone else use these at their datacenter(s)?


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