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Re: IPSEC and PAT
From: "Steven M. Bellovin" <smb () research att com>
Date: Thu, 13 Sep 2001 20:21:06 -0400


In message <912A91BC69F4D3119D1B009027D0D40C01BB459C () exchange1 secure insweb co
m>, Vandy Hamidi writes:

I know that in Tunnel Mode, IPsec can be NATed and PATed (without IKE on UDP
500 being used), but as I'm trying to break down the process of  how it is
working, I've been stumped by this:
NAT - Changes source IP during translation
PAT - Changes source IP and TCP/UDP port to another to track multiple to one
translations.
My question is, how does PAT track the packets with their internal hosts
when there is not a TCP/UDP header to translate.
How does it know which "internal" host a returning ESP packet must be
forwarded to after it un PATs the incoming packet?
thanks and I hope this isn't a totally stupid question.  If it is, humor me
;),

IPsec can't be PATted, because the TCP and UDP port numbers are in the 
protected part of the packet.

                --Steve Bellovin, http://www.research.att.com/~smb
                                  http://www.wilyhacker.com



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