mailing list archives
Re: IPSEC and PAT
From: Chris Grout <cgrout () chrisgrout com>
Date: Thu, 13 Sep 2001 21:40:05 -0700
Cisco 5000 series VPN concentrators support a "NAT Transparency mode" which
causes the IPsec packets to be wrapped in UDP and TCP traffic to port 80 at
the concentrator. And this method certainly does support multiple IPsec
tunnels from multiple clients, going to a single concentrator, all from a
single public IP.
At 08:30 PM 9/13/2001 -0700, you wrote:
I believe that at least one VPN client also does UDP encapsulation for
IPSEC packets specifically for NAT traversal.
On Thursday, September 13, 2001, at 08:23 PM, Tony Rall wrote:
On Thursday, 2001/09/13 at 21:43 AST, "Steven M. Bellovin"
<smb () research att com> wrote:
I repeat -- it doesn't do PAT. Some "routers" -- they're really no
such thing, of course; they're NAT boxes and/or bridges -- allow one
host behind them to speak IPsec. If a host emits a packet using ESP,
it's tagged as *the* IPsec user; return IPsec packets are routed to
that host. (Some of these boxes may use manual configuration instead
or in addition.) You can't have two IPsec hosts, because there's no
way to know which should receive incoming packets -- there's no
relationship between inbound and outbound SPIs.
Actually you can have multiple IPSEC sessions hidden behind a NAT box with
a single public IP address - we've found several vendors' "routers" that
can work in this environment. I believe the key is that each tunnel must
be to distinct remote IP addresses. All the NAT box has available to
separate the traffic for the different tunnels (which use IP protocol 50)
is the address of the other end of the tunnel, but that is all it needs.
Of course, many users would like to have multiple tunnels to the same
partner. I don't know how that is possible with current IPSEC technology.