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Re: nmap-service-probes matching questions
From: doug () hcsw org
Date: Wed, 2 Apr 2008 15:48:34 -0800

Hi Kris,

On Tue, Apr 01, 2008 at 11:41:00AM -0500 or thereabouts, Kris Katterjohn wrote:
I've always loved Nmap's Service Detection; it's definitely high on my
list of top features.

Right on, me too.

o Is it better to combine matches like I have done with the first two
sets when the difference is small?  Only one word is different between
the matches.

Yes, using alternation (abc|def) is fine and is a good idea if the services
are very similar. Thanks for noticing this in the eggdrop match lines.
However, there is a small problem with this line and the last one in your
patch. If you're using the | as the regexp delimiter, you can't use
alternation because it will interfere with the reading of the regexp.
In such a case, I usually use / or = as the delimiter. For example:

match login m=^\x01Permission denied ?: Error (35|0|1)\r?\n?$= p/Tru64 Unix logind/ o/Tru64 UNIX/

If m|...(35|0|1)...| was used, this line would be broken.

o In the third one, is this how it is done to capture the substrings and
to have them match correctly?  What are the $N values for these?  This
is what it seems like it would be (excluding $1 and $2 which I didn't
touch):

$3 is the outer () capture, which is either "posting ok" or "no posting"
depending on the match
$4 is the first inner () capture, which is "posting ok"
$5 is the second inner () capture, which is "no posting"

Is this correct?

Yes, this is how nested capturing work. If you only want to use alternation
without capture, use ?:, for example: (?:GET|POST). This is slightly more
efficient and also you don't need holes in your numbering ie p/$1/ v/$2/ h/$4/.
Also, keep in mind that (abc|def)? WILL capture a group even if the empty string
matches this regexp component. In other words, this is the same as (abc|def|).
Don't even ask about (abc|def)*. :)

In your example here:

match nntp m|^20. ([-.\w]+) InterNetNews NNRP server INN (\d[-.\w ]+) ready \(((posting ok)|(no posting))\)\.\r\n| 
p/InterNetNews (INN)/ h/$1/ v/$2/ i/$3/

I see no reason for nested capture. Why not simply (posting ok|no posting) ?
(And make sure you use a different regexp delim than | as described above).

Sorry if these are simple.  I use vi and [e]grep all the time, with awk
and sed fairly often, but I rarely use Perl (gasp!) or anything else
with nested captured substrings so I'm clueless here.

nvi+Perl 4life. Read up on perl's -n switch and you will never need awk/sed again.

Thanks for helping,

Doug

PS that should be e?grep :)

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