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Re: [NSE] Several changes to mssql.lua and SQL Server scripts
From: Patrik Karlsson <patrik () cqure net>
Date: Sat, 19 Feb 2011 09:42:25 +0100

On Feb 18, 2011, at 23:23 , Chris Woodbury wrote:

So, I made some of the changes I talked about before. To summarize:
* I factored the typical hostrule and portrule logic into Helper.GetHostrule_Standard() and 
Helper.GetHostrule_Standard(). All but -info and the -discover scripts use these.
   * Typical scripts now run as the following:
      * No instance target specified (i.e. the mssql.instance-x script args): run as a port-script against ms-sql-s 
      * Instance target(s) specified: run as a host-script against the targeted instance(s)
   * ms-sql-info now runs as the following:
      * No instance target specified: run as a host-script against all discoverable instance(s)
      * Instance target(s) specified: run as a host-script against the targeted instance(s)
   * ms-sql-discover will always run (as a host-script), unless restricted by mssql.scanned-ports-only (as before)
* I moved discovery logic from ms-sql-discover to Helper.Discover() (which now does full discovery, not just SSRP).
* I changed Helper.DiscoverByTcp() to return a table of instances, for consistency with the other DiscoverBy___ 
* I renamed Helper.GetInstanceByName() to Helper.GetTargetInstances() and expanded it to handle instance-port and to 
handle tables in instance-name and instance-port. Names from instance-name are also case-insensitive now.
The individual scripts are a lot cleaner and smaller now, and I think that the scripts are easier to use as well 
(e.g. not having to include ms-sql-discover in order to get good results).
On Thu, Feb 17, 2011 at 3:27 PM, Patrik Karlsson <patrik () cqure net> wrote:
There might be a problem with this approach. As ms-sql-discover runs it uses the information retrieved from the 
browser to determine what tcp ports exist.
WIth this information it then sets each of the ports as being fingerprinted as ms-sql-s. When the next script runs 
the portrule is triggered for each of these ports.
Unfortunately, I don't think there's currently a way to first connect to the browser, mark the ports as ms-sql-s and 
then trigger the portrule within the same script.
One way could be to place the discovery code within the hostrule or portrule function, however doing this causes the 
following stacktrace:

stack traceback:
       ./nse_main.lua:654: in function <./nse_main.lua:653>
       [C]: in function 'socket_lock'
       [string "local connect, socket_lock = ...;..."]:3: in function 'connect'

Another way is going down the path of forced dependencies, which I believe has been discussed in the past.
 In the version I'm sending, I think this works out. The only way that you would "miss" instances is if they were on 
a non-standard port and you didn't target them (e.g. mssql.instance-port=1435) and you didn't run ms-sql-discover. 
Otherwise, if it's on 1433, we'll find it; if the user uses mssql.instance[-name|-port], we'll find it; if 
ms-sql-discover is run and the instance is in the SQL Browser, we'll find it. 
Taking a instance oriented approach, where it's up to Nmap (or the script really) to determine the correct ports 
to use, the commands for the above use cases would end up like this instead:

1. No change
2. ./nmap -p 1435 --script ms-sql-query --script-args mssql.instance-name='SQLEXPRESS'
3. ./nmap -p 1435 --script ms-sql-query --script-args mssql.instance-port=1435

I realize that the port argument in the 3rd example is redundant/misleading/strange, but unfortunately necessary 
as we're running as a host rule at this point.
I guess that use case 3 could also be achieved through Martin Swende's proposed force patch [3] that would force 
the script to run against the port supplied using -p.

I'm not completely convinced one way or the other, but I think I might
prefer having an argument like mssql.force (we'd need a better name,

I agree.
In the version I'm sending, mssql.Helper.Discover() will take any ports specified by instance-port and will run 
DiscoverByTcp() on them. So, you could actually run it without specifying the port in the -p (in fact, it even works 
if you do a nmap -sn). Does that make sense to do it that way?

* Am I wrong, or is it unnecessary to have 1433 in the portrule? Is it
possible to have a situation in which there is a SQL Server available
on 1433 and to have Nmap not classify it as "ms-sql-s"?

The 1433 will allow the script to run even though no version/service scanning has been performed.
Actually, I tested it out, and I'm more sure now. Even if you don't do -sV, Nmap will still tag 1433 as "ms-sql-s." I 
changed the portrule for now to use shortport.service( "ms-sql-s" ). If we find that it needs to be the old way, it's 
easy to change back, since it's just in one place now (mssql.Helper.GetPortrule_Standard() ).
Let me know your thoughts. If you'll have time, let's also coordinate projects.

Thanks for the patch Chris. I've had a chance to do some testing and made a few changes:
* fixed a typo in dependencies for the ms-sql-brute script that would make it fail to run
* fixed a bug in the ms-sql-brute script that would make it abort password guessing if integrated authentication was 
* changed so that if mssql.domain was specified without a domain a default domain is chosen
* added script argument documentation to mssql.lua
* removed the support for the mssql.instance argument in favor for the mssql.instance-name

I also made some changes to the port- and host-rules of ms-sql-info, let me know if these makes sense?
I've commited these changes and would like to focus on merging this branch to trunk now, before adding more 
In my opinion we need to complete the following before doing so:
* decide on the host-, port-rule change I made to ms-sql-info
* go over the scripts and library and add any missing documentation
* do some additional testing
* anything else?

Unless we find something major during testing I think it would be possible to merge in the coming week.
I can do some more testing today and tomorrow and fix any bugs that crop up.


Patrik Karlsson

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