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nmap -- UDP scanning
From: <joshnunan123 () yahoo com>
Date: 10 Aug 2004 12:04:19 -0000

Using nmap for udp scanning, I commonly come across hosts such as this:

        root () source# nmap -sU -P0 -T Aggressive -F target

        Interesting ports on target:
        (The 1004 ports scanned but not shown below are in state: filtered)
        67/udp  open  dhcpserver
        123/udp open  ntp
        161/udp open  snmp
        162/udp open  snmptrap

I have tried using a dhcp/ntp/snmp client, to no avail.

It is well documented that UDP scanners wait for an "icmp port unreachable" message to differentiate between 
and closed ports. A software/hardware packet filter between the source and the target seems to be blocking these 
Seen as this method cannot be used, it does not seem feasible for nmap to generate any meaningful information in this 
situation yet somehow it is differentiating between filtered and open udp ports. 

To try and understand why this is happening I have done the following:

        tcpdump host target
        nmap -sU -P0 -p 123 target
        123/udp open  ntp
        11:58:52.058304 IP source.45682 > target.ntp:  [len=0] [|ntp]
        11:58:58.069406 IP source.45683 > target.ntp:  [len=0] [|ntp]

        tcpdump host target
        nmap -sU -P0 -p 15555 target
        15555/udp filtered   unknown
        11:33:00.058216 IP source.41032 > target.15555: UDP, length: 0

If the port is open, nmap sends two udp packets with a length of zero -- no data is returned.
If the port is filtered, nmap sends a single udp packet with a length of zero -- no data is returned.

I can see a number of reasons for this:
        * All packets sent from 'target' are being nat'd to another IP address and are being missed by the tcpdump 
          I have however used "tcpdump port 123" with the same results.
        * Nmap is using protocol specific methods to obtain these results and...
        * I dont know how to use tcpdump
        * I dont know how to use nmap
        * magick

So I say to you, WTF?

- Josh Nunan

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