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RE: Craking Serv-u passwords stored in .ini file.
From: "M. D." <nekromancer () lycos com>
Date: Sat, 04 Sep 2004 17:01:41 +0000

avarni () tech cj com wrote:

It would have been much stronger, for example, the following:

1) hash the password, with or without prepending the salt, doesn't matter. I'm not using it in this example:
    password: test
    MD5 hash: 098F6BCD4621D373CADE4E832627B4F6

2) append the salt to the hash:
    new "password": ab098F6BCD4621D373CADE4E832627B4F6

3) hash the resulting string:
    new MD5 hash: BDF3BAAC3C947956A57CFA97310B5DE0

4) append the salt to the last hash if you like, but I don't see any particular reason to do so

Huh?  Salting does make things harder for password crackers.  And yes,
you need to display the salt in plaintext.  If you skip step #4 as
you propose here, then how does the authentication program know which
salt was used?

I'm saying that I don't see any reason to append the cleartext salt to the final hash, not that I don't see reasons to 
use salt. In fact I suggest to use salt!
And the authentication program doesn't need to know in advance which salt was used if it is as simple as above, please 
read below.
Prepending or appending the cleartext salt is a requirement. Otherwise
you'd have to check all possible salts each time someone tries to

If the salt is 2 lowercase alpha characters, as it *seems* to be the case in all examples of Serv-u I've seen in this 
thread, you've 26^2 possible salts (don't rush for the calculator, that's 676).
Taking the user input (password), creating an internal table with the 676 possible salted passwords and then doing the 
double hashing mentioned above (you DON'T have to try each of the 676 salts AGAIN, just use the same one!) won't take 
long for your program (<1 second?), and you avoid giving that extra bit of information to an eventual cracker.
If the salt is devilish more complex I agree that it'll be a better idea to provide it to the authentication program 
somehow if performance is an issue.
I hope that it's clearer now.



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