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Re: Nmap/netwag problem.
From: Kaj Huisman <kaj.huisman () gmail com>
Date: Mon, 15 Aug 2005 19:12:06 +0200

Paul J Docherty wrote:
<snip>
# nmap -P0 -p80,99,113 scanme.nmap.org

As you can see above, Nmap starts by sending a SYN probe back to each
of the three ports.  Port 113 replies with the RA (RST/ACK) flags and
thus is listed by Nmap as closed.  Port 80 returns SA (SYN/ACK) and so
is listed as open.  Port 99 does not reply, so Nmap retransmits after
1.1 seconds.  There is still no reply, so Nmap lists the port as
filtered.
</snip>


There remains a difference
# nmap -sT -P0 -p80,99,113
syn_to_server
if syn_ack_from_server,ack_to_server, wait, port = open
if syn_rst_from_server, port = closed
else, retry x times
port = filtered
#nmap -sS -P0 -p80,99,113
syn_to_server,
if reply_from_server: syn_rst/aka closed/ do nothing
                      syn_ack/aka open/->to_server_syn_rst
else retry x times
port = filtered

While connecting an error may occur, for this example it occurs at time of the server receival of the package with ack. If i set iptables to reject input packets with the ack bit set, it would result in a 'destination port unreachable' icmp error on the receival of the ack packet from the client. Note specifically here that this packet will not get sent upon receival of a SYN-RST packet, so the -sS scan never notices. Im pretty sure -sT either reports the port as closed or as filtered in this case. Let us try.
/**/
Example:

(on 192.x.x.a)
# iptables -F
# iptables -P INPUT ACCEPT
# iptables -A INPUT -p tcp --tcp-flags ALL ACK -j REJECT

(on 192.x.x.b)
# nmap -sT 192.168.0.a
Starting nmap 3.81 ( http://www.insecure.org/nmap/ ) at 2005-08-15 18:10 CEST
All 1663 scanned ports on 192.x.x.a are: closed
MAC Address: xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx (Unknown)

Nmap finished: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 1.055 seconds

# nmap -sS 192.x.x.a ( http://www.insecure.org/nmap/ ) at 2005-08-15 18:10 CEST
Interesting ports on 192.x.x.a:
(The 1661 ports scanned but not shown below are in state: closed)
PORT   STATE SERVICE
21/tcp open  ftp
22/tcp open  ssh
MAC Address: xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx (Unknown)

Nmap finished: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 1.304 seconds

# telnet 192.x.x.a 21
Escape char ^H
                // <--nothing happens

This will keep the server in SYN_RECV for a bunch of minutes.

I hope this explains as of why the -sT is the most reliable method of verifying if a port is open (aka connect(); == success) or not.


/**/

We have however diverted away from the original question (about a box with port 80 and 1723 either open or filtered and ways to narrow down your results). I suggest we end this thread.

G'Day
Kaj


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