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Re: TCP Reassembly in wireshark
From: Anders Broman <anders.broman () ericsson com>
Date: Mon, 10 Feb 2014 09:26:30 +0000

static guint
get_sabp_pdu_len(packet_info *pinfo _U_, tvbuff_t *tvb, int offset)
{
        guint32 type_length;
        int bit_offset;
        asn1_ctx_t asn1_ctx;
        asn1_ctx_init(&asn1_ctx, ASN1_ENC_PER, TRUE, pinfo);

        /* Length should be in the 3:d octet */
        offset = offset + 3;

        bit_offset = offset<<3;
        /* Get the length of the sabp packet. offset in bits  */
        dissect_per_length_determinant(tvb, bit_offset, &asn1_ctx, NULL, -1, &type_length);

        /*
         * Return the length of the PDU
         * which is 3 + the length of the length, we only care about length up to 16K
         * ("n" less than 128) a single octet containing "n" with bit 8 set to zero;
         * ("n" less than 16K) two octets containing "n" with bit 8 of the first octet set to 1 and bit 7 set to zero;
         */
        if (type_length < 128)
                return type_length+4;

        return type_length+5;
}

/* Note a little bit of a hack assumes length max takes two bytes and that the length starts at byte 4 */
static int
dissect_sabp_tcp(tvbuff_t *tvb, packet_info *pinfo, proto_tree *tree, void* data)
{
        tcp_dissect_pdus(tvb, pinfo, tree, gbl_sabp_desegment, 5,
                                         get_sabp_pdu_len, dissect_sabp, data);
        return tvb_length(tvb);
}


-----Original Message-----
From: wireshark-dev-bounces () wireshark org [mailto:wireshark-dev-bounces () wireshark org] On Behalf Of Vishnu Bhatt
Sent: den 10 februari 2014 08:40
To: Developer support list for Wireshark
Subject: Re: [Wireshark-dev] TCP Reassembly in wireshark

Thanks for the information. So you mean to say that the upper layer tells TCP about its size. Could you please tell me 
how SABP does this?

-----Original Message-----
From: wireshark-dev-bounces () wireshark org [mailto:wireshark-dev-bounces () wireshark org] On Behalf Of Guy Harris
Sent: Friday, February 07, 2014 3:54 PM
To: Developer support list for Wireshark
Subject: Re: [Wireshark-dev] TCP Reassembly in wireshark


On Feb 7, 2014, at 12:06 AM, Vishnu Bhatt <vishnu.bhatt () aricent com> wrote:

How does wireshark know when to reassemble the TCP segments? How TCP gets to know in wireshark that whether to send 
the payload to the upper layer or to reassemble it in some other frame?

It gets told by the dissector for the upper layer.

Is there any header field?

Not in TCP.  The service offered by TCP is a byte stream, with no packet boundaries visible; a TCP implementation can 
divide up the bytes handed to it by the upper-layer protocol in any way that it chooses.

This means that if the protocol running atop TCP has message boundaries, that protocol must somehow arrange to 
determine when a message begins or ends.

Many protocols do this by putting a message length field into the message header; for example, that's how DNS-over-TCP, 
ONC RPC-over-TCP, and SMB-over-TCP work.  Wireshark has a routine tcp_dissect_pdus(), which a dissector for a protocol 
running on top of TCP and using a message length field can use.

For HTTP, the header for a request or response continues up to a blank line, and the entity-body for a request or 
response might be indicated by the connection on which it's being sent closing, by the length of the entity-body being 
specified in the header with a Content-Length: header field, or in various other fashions.
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