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SQL injection attack possible when connecting to PostgreSQL 9.1 with version 8.1 JDBC driver
From: Steffen Dettmer <steffen () dett de>
Date: Sun, 25 Mar 2012 14:37:00 +0200
when using PostgreSQL JDBC driver version 8.1 to connect to a PostgreSQL
version 9.1 database, escaping of JDBC statement parameters does
not work and SQL injection attacks are possible.
The problem can be reproduced for example with version 8.1-415
(released 2010-05-11), which still can be downloaded from the
official download location (although in `Archived Section'),
however this version is included in Linux distributions that are
still supported (for example SuSE Linux Enterprise Edition with
Connecting Java applications from such a server to a recent
PostgreSQL database, SQL injection attacks are possible.
Java Web Applications using JDBC running on such Linux versions
could allow to exploit this remotely, for example through a web app.
Vendor reponse (from <security () postgresql org>):
Anything not identified there as current or supported is, by
reasonable inference, neither. Reporting a security bug
against anything that's not current or supported is pointless.
However, such unsupported driver versions are included in
supported Linux distributions.
Since I think it is possible to accidentally use older (but still
supported) Linux application servers against recent databases, I
think a public information could be of interest.
Possible fix or workaround:
Do not use PostgreSQL JDBC driver version 8.1 but upgrade to most
recent version. If the distribution offers no suited package
(RPM), driver should be downloaded from jdbc.postgresql.org and
installed manually. This breaks package management consitency but
seems to be the smaller issue.
How to reproduce:
When the small code Postgres.java (attached) is compiled and
runned with Java 1.7 and the Postgres 8.1 JDBC3 driver against a
Postgres 9.1 database:
$ java -cp postgresql-8.1-415.jdbc3.jar:. Postgres
the following Exception occures:
Exception in thread "main" org.postgresql.util.PSQLException:
ERROR: syntax error at or near "(" at character 134
The driver can be downloaded under
In the "Archived Versions"-section of http://jdbc.postgresql.org/download.html.
(They are supported anymore, but there is no hint that
downloading and using them in our point of view opens a security
treat, so we think this is not good)
When the application is run with the Postgres 9.1 JDBC3 driver,
it behaves correctly.
We think it is likely that JDBC drivers with 8.1-x are still used
productively, for example SuSE Linux Enterprise Edition with
long-term support and we are not aware of some security bulletin
telling that an upgrade is recommended for security reasons,
since there might be not much interest in changing running
systems without need.
* Steffen Dettmer wrote on Mon, Feb 27, 2012 at 17:36 +0100:
we think we have found an escaping problem in JDBC driver 8.1 allowing
SQL injection attacks when connecting to PostgreSQL 9.1 . According to
issue is not known (not fixed).
Our software relys on correct parameter escaping when using a
java.sql.PreparedStatement for "SELECT stored_procedure(?, ?) AS
result" used with "statement.setString()" etc., which according to our
understanding should be the usual and safe way to call stored
procedures on PostgreSQL.
We found that it fails with at least postgresql-8.1-407.jdbc3.jar
from http://jdbc.postgresql.org/download.html and Postgres 9.1
The exact case where it occured in production was the query:
SELECT appendJobEvent(?, ?, ?, ?) AS result
with parameters set via "setString(pos, value)". Parameter
number 4 contained single quote characters, but they should be
escaped and end up in the database literally.
Instead, we get:
ERROR: syntax error at or near "(" at character 163 (ERROR:
syntax error at or near "(" at character 163)'
we tested and got exactly the same error message when using the string
directly (i.e. not via "?" and setString), which is expected.
Connecting to an older database version (7.1) or updating the driver
to postgresql-9.1-901.jdbc3.jar from
http://jdbc.postgresql.org/download.html both make the same query
with the same parameters work.
Since our development environment unit tests check for a similar
issue, it seems that when using the same version of JDBC driver and
database (the normal configuration when having a test database on
localhost), escaping probably works well in a probably wide range of
versions, but not in at least this combination (8.1-407 JDBC driver to
--[ Postgres.java ]------------------------------------------------>8=======
// "Sascha BAER" <Sascha.BAER () ingenico com> -- SFR-1315206
// SQL injection when connecting to PostgreSQL 9.1 with version 8.1 JDBC driver
public class Postgres
public static void main(String args)
Properties connectionProps = new Properties();
// Load postgres Driver: this is needed for 8.1 Drivers.
Class jdbcDriver = Class.forName("org.postgresql.Driver");
// protocolVersion 2 is needed to trigger the problem.
Connection conn = DriverManager.getConnection(
String hint = new String("com.ingenico.de.data.DataException: "
+ "(Bitmap 2: ( (Data exceeds format length!); "
+ "Producer f = `PropLLXPVar(19): null') (F1F2672191104016...)): "
+ "class com.ingenico.de.data.DataException (5): "
+ "[thrown in `consume()' at BitmapConsumer.java, line 84]");
PreparedStatement ps = conn.prepareStatement(
"SELECT foo(?) AS result");
ResultSet result = ps.executeQuery();
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- SQL injection attack possible when connecting to PostgreSQL 9.1 with version 8.1 JDBC driver Steffen Dettmer (Mar 27)