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Barracuda LB, SVF, WAF & WEF - Multiple Vulnerabilities
From: Vulnerability Lab <research () vulnerability-lab com>
Date: Sat, 20 Jul 2013 11:45:47 +0100

Title:
======
Barracuda LB, SVF, WAF & WEF - Multiple Vulnerabilities


Date:
=====
2013-07-18


References:
===========
http://www.vulnerability-lab.com/get_content.php?id=727

Note: The issue was part of the official Barracuda Networks Bug Bounty Program.


VL-ID:
=====
727


Common Vulnerability Scoring System:
====================================
4.1


Introduction:
=============
The Barracuda Web Filter is an integrated content filtering, application blocking and malware protection 
solution that is powerful, easy to use and affordable for businesses of all sizes. It enforces Internet 
usage policies by blocking access to Web sites and Internet applications that are not related to business, 
and it easily and completely eliminates spyware and other forms of malware from your organization. No more 
productivity loss trying to repair computers or make computers usable again.

Blocks access to Web sites based on domain, URL pattern, or content category
Blocks downloads based on file type
Blocks applications that access the Internet, including IM, music services, and software update utilities
Integrates with  safe search  filters built into popular images search engines
Provides integrated gateway and desktop spyware protection
Uses Barracuda Web Security Agents compatible with Windows PC’s and Macs to enforce Internet policies on off-network 
computers

The Barracuda Web Filter combines preventative, reactive, and proactive measures to form a complete Web 
filtering solution. Designed for the enterprise, the Barracuda Web Filter enables you to set up custom policies 
for particular users and groups across customizable time ranges. The Barracuda Web Filter integrates with popular 
LDAP directory servers, such as Microsoft Active Directory, for both authentication and group membership 
information on which to apply custom policies. Sample uses of group policies include:

Restricting access to job board Web sites to only the Human Resources group
Defining separate policies for teachers and students at a school
Enabling compliance officers unrestricted access to the Web for investigation
Providing external instant messaging (e.g., AIM) access only to specific users or groups
Restricting personal Web browsing to non-working hours

For organizations that do not utilize directory servers, policies can be defined for unauthenticated users as a whole, 
locally defined users and groups, or network IP address ranges.

(Copy of the Vendor Homepage: http://www.barracudanetworks.com/ns/products/web-filter-overview.php )


The Barracuda Email Security Service is a comprehensive and affordable cloud-based email security service that protects 
both inbound and outbound email against the latest spam, viruses, worms, phishing and denial of service attacks. 
Barracuda 
Email Security Service also includes email encryption and Data Loss Prevention features.

The Barracuda Email Security Service leverages advanced security technologies from the industry-leading Barracuda Spam 
& Virus 
Firewall and features rich multiple cloud-based protection:

    Rate control and Denial of Service (DoS) protection
    Reputation-based blocking from known spam and malware sources
    Anti-virus, featuring the patent-pending Barracuda Anti-Virus Supercomputing Grid
    Anti-phishing, using the Barracuda Anti-Fraud Intelligence
    Protection against spam, phishing, fraud and emails with other malicious intent
    Custom sender/recipient policy

Comprehensive Protection
Spam and viruses are blocked in the cloud prior to delivery to the customer, saving network bandwidth and providing 
additional 
Denial of Service protection. In addition to network bandwidth savings, cloud-based filtering offloads any processing 
required 
for spam and virus filtering from the email server. By leveraging the compute capacity available in the cloud, 
patent-pending 
Barracuda Anti-Virus Supercomputing Grid not only detects new outbreaks similar to known viruses, it also identifies 
new threats 
for which signatures have never existed.

(Copy of the Vendor Homepage: https://www.barracudanetworks.com/ns/products/bess_overview.php )



The Barracuda Web Application Firewall is a complete and powerful security solution for Web applications and Web sites. 
The Barracuda Web Application Firewall provides award-winning protection against hackers leveraging protocol or 
application vulnerabilities to instigate data theft, denial of service or defacement of your Web site.

    * Protection against common attacks
    * Outbound data theft protection
    * Web site cloaking
    * Granular policies
    * Secure HTTP traffic
    * SSL Offloading
    * SSL Acceleration
    * Load Balancing

The Barracuda Web Application Firewall protects Web applications and Web services from malicious attacks, and can also 
increase 
the performance and scalability of these applications. The Barracuda Web Application Firewall offers every capability 
needed to 
deliver, secure and manage enterprise Web applications from a single appliance through an intuitive, real-time user 
interface.

    * Single point of protection for inbound and outbound traffic for all Web applications
    * Protects Web sites and Web applications against application layer attacks
    * Delivers best practices security right out of the box
    * Monitors traffic and provides reports about attackers and attack attempts

The Barracuda Web Application Firewall provides award-winning protection from all common attacks on Web applications, 
including 
SQL injections, cross-site scripting attacks, session tampering and buffer overflows. Many applications are vulnerable 
to such 
attacks because application developers do not consistently employ secure coding practices. Barracuda Web Application 
Firewall is 
designed to combat all attack types that have been categorized as significant threats, including:

    * Cross Site Scripting (XSS)
    * SQL injection flaws
    * OS command injections
    * Site reconnaissance
    * Session hijacking
    * Application denial of service     
    * Malicious probes/crawlers            
    * Cookie/session tampering          
    * Path traversal
    * Information leakage
...

(Copy of the Vendor Homepage: http://www.barracudanetworks.com/ns/products/web-site-firewall-overview.php)


Abstract:
=========
The Vulnerability Laboratory Research Team discovered multiple persistent vulnerabilities in the official Barracuda 
Product Series 
of the Load Balancer, Web Firewall, Web Filter and Spam & Virus Firewall. 


Report-Timeline:
================
2012-10-18:     Researcher Notification & Coordination (Benjamin Kunz Mejri)
2012-10-19:     Vendor Notification (Barracuda Networks Security Team - Bug Bounty Program)
2012-10-21:     Vendor Response/Feedback (Barracuda Networks Security Team - Bug Bounty Program)
2013-04-30:     Vendor Fix/Patch (Barracuda Networks Developer Team) [Coordination: Dave Farrow]
2013-07-18:     Public Disclosure (Vulnerability Laboratory)


Status:
========
Published


Affected Products:
==================
Barracuda Networks
Product: Load Balancer 4.2.0.015 Modell 640

Barracuda Networks
Product: Spam & Virus Firewall 5.1.1.006 Modell 600

Barracuda Networks
Product: Web Filter 6.0.0.013 Modell 910

Barracuda Networks
Product: Web Firewall 7.7.0.020 Modell 650


Exploitation-Technique:
=======================
Remote


Severity:
=========
High


Details:
========
Multiple persistent input validation vulnerabilities are detected in the official Barracuda Product Series of the Load 
Balancer, 
Web Firewall, Web Filter and Spam & Virus Firewall. The web vulnerabilities allow remote attackers to implement/inject 
malicious 
script code on the application side (persistent). 

The persistent web vulnerability is located in the certificate management listing module with the bound vulnerable 
certificate common 
name, certificate name & services name parameters. The vulnerability can be exploited by customers to execute script 
code in the 
certificate management module listing. The remote attackers can import a own generated ssl pem certificates with 
manipulated name, 
service and common certificate name. The injected script code of the pem certificate get executed from the main 
certificate listing 
when processing to display the malicious stored script code context. 

The bug is located in different sections of the web firewall, load balancer, spam and virus firewall or the new web 
filter. Affected by 
the vulnerable input are the Available Certificates, Edit Certificates, Trusted Hosts > Certificates, Saved Certificates
and the Save Token Certificate Name listings.

Exploitation of the vulnerabilities requires a low privilege application user account and low or medium user 
interaction.
Successful exploitation of the vulnerabilities can lead to session hijacking (manager/admin) or stable (persistent) 
context manipulation. 
Exploitation of the vulnerability requires low or medium user interaction & low or medium privilege  web application 
user account.


Vulnerable Module(s):
                        [+] Web Filter & Web Firewall - Advanced (Extended) > SSL Inspection > Certificate Creation [x] 
CHECK > Zertifikat Generierung
                        [+] Spam & Virus - Sicherheitsverwaltung > Konfiguration der SSL-Zertifikate > Trusted 
(Bestätigt durch CA)
                        [+] Spam & Virus - Sicherheitsverwaltung > Certificate Signing Request (CSR) > Edit Data Listing
                        [+] Load Balancer - Zertifikat Generierung (INDEX)

Vulnerable Parameter(s):
                        [+] Certificate Name
                        [+] Certificate Service
                        [+] Certificates - Common Name

Affected Section(s):
                        [+] Available Certificates - LISTING
                        [+] Edit Certificates - LISTING
                        [+] Trusted Hosts > Certificates - LISTING
                        [+] Saved Certificates - LISTING
                        [+] Save Token Certificate Name - LISTING


Proof of Concept:
=================
The vulnerabilities can be exploited by remote attackers with low or medium privilege application user account and with 
low or medium 
user interaction. For demonstration or reproduce ...


Review:  Save Token - Certificate Name [index.cgi-save_token-listing]

<tr><td valign="top"><table class="config_module_inner" summary="Config Module" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" 
width="100%">
<tbody>
<tr class="config_module_tr" id="config_module_row_1">
<td valign="top" width="15"> </td>
<td valign="top" width="200">Certificate</td>
<td valign="top" width="250">[<PERSISTENT MALICIOUS INJECTED SCRIPT CODE!>]</td>
</tr>


Reference(s): (Insert)
http://waf.127.0.0.1:1339/cgi-mod/index.cgi?auth_type=Local&et=1350361913&locale=de_DE&password=5f879645e0954166ac51efe3be737a2a
&user=benjamin&primary_tab=BASIC&secondary_tab=server_certs

http://waf.127.0.0.1:1339/cgi-mod/index.cgi?password=5f8796456ac51efe3be737a2a&et=1350361913&primary_tab=BASIC&content_only=1
&new_secondary_tab=server_certs&auth_type=Local&user=benjamin&locale=de_DE&secondary_tab=create_certificate_details&ispopup=1
&parent_name=server_certs&popup_width=800&popup_height=500

Reference(s): (Affected)
http://waf.127.0.0.1:1339/cgi-mod/index.cgi?password=fb911a7a8bebac208fcab7e79e5&et=1350361362&primary_tab=BASIC&new_secondary_tab=server_certs&;
serial=50943090&auth_type=Local&locale=de_DE&secondary_tab=save_pkcs_token&content_only=1&index=md5skeqylXIOusxkfzaKf19VQ&user=guest
&type=server_cert_external&ispopup=1&parent_name=certificates&popup_width=650&popup_height=200




Review: Available Certificates - Certificate Name [index.cgi-available_certificates-listing]

class="config_module_tr" id="config_module_row_1">
                        <td valign="top" width="15"> </td>
                        <td valign="top" width="210"><div id="helpbox"><b class="outlinetop">
          <b class="outline1"></b>
          <b class="outline2"></b>
          <b class="outline3"></b>
          <b class="outline4"></b></b>
          <div id="contents"><div><[<MALICIOUS PERSISTENT INJECTED SCRIPT CODE!>]"></div></div>


Reference(s): (Insert)
http://webfilter.127.0.0.1:1339/cgi-mod/index.cgi?auth_type=Local&et=1350718546&locale=de_DE&password=0da45d48882cac50687e539e6
&primary_tab=ADVANCED&secondary_tab=ssl_certificates&user=benjamin




Reference(s): (Affected) 

Sicherheitsverwaltung > Certificate Signing Request (CSR) > Edit Data Listing

http://spam4.127.0.0.1:1339/cgi-mod/index.cgi?password=fb85b10f5d66b87b1194fef&et=1350572565&primary_tab=ADVANCED&;
content_only=1&new_secondary_tab=ssl&auth_type=Local&user=benjamin&locale=de_DE&secondary_tab=create_csr&ispopup=1&
parent_name=ssl&popup_width=900&popup_height=455

Sicherheitsverwaltung > Konfiguration der SSL-Zertifikate > Trusted (Bestätigt durch CA)

http://spam4.127.0.0.1:1339/cgi-mod/index.cgi?&user=benjamin&password=06577ccae825950cd833027d&et=1350572515&auth_type=Local&locale=de_DE
&primary_tab=ADVANCED&secondary_tab=ssl




Review: Saved Certificates - Listing (Name)

<td style="width: 220px;"><div style="padding-left:30px"><img src="index.cgi-Dateien/cert.png" align="bottom" 
border="0"> <a title=""><<MALICIOUS PERSISTENT INJECTED SCRIPT CODE!>;)" <"="">"><<MALICIOUS PERSISTENT INJECTED SCRIPT 
CODE!>") <</a></div></td>


Reference(s): (Insert)

Zertifikat Generierung (INDEX)
http://balancer.127.0.0.1:1339/cgi-mod/index.cgi?password=66690cf1f1f6ad9f097e077355a&et=1350476026&primary_tab=BASIC&content_only=3
&new_secondary_tab=certificates&auth_type=Local&user=benjamin&locale=de_DE&secondary_tab=create_certificate_details&ispopup=1
&parent_name=certificates&popup_width=1000&popup_height=410


PoC as Certificate (PEM):
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----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-----END CERTIFICATE-----


Solution:
=========
The vulnerabilities can be patched by parsing the affected (displayed) certificate value(s) output listing.
Restrict and parse the input fields (function) of trusted and self signed certificates values to prevent future 
executions out of the certificate context.


Risk:
=====
The security risk of the persistent input validation web vulnerabilities are estimated as high(-).


Credits:
========
Vulnerability Laboratory [Research Team] - Benjamin Kunz Mejri (bkm () evolution-sec com)


Disclaimer:
===========
The information provided in this advisory is provided as it is without any warranty. Vulnerability Lab disclaims all 
warranties, 
either expressed or implied, including the warranties of merchantability and capability for a particular purpose. 
Vulnerability-
Lab or its suppliers are not liable in any case of damage, including direct, indirect, incidental, consequential loss 
of business 
profits or special damages, even if Vulnerability-Lab or its suppliers have been advised of the possibility of such 
damages. Some 
states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of liability for consequential or incidental damages so the foregoing 
limitation 
may not apply. We do not approve or encourage anybody to break any vendor licenses, policies, deface websites, hack 
into databases 
or trade with fraud/stolen material.

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                                Copyright © 2013 | Vulnerability Laboratory [Evolution Security]



-- 
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DOMAIN: www.vulnerability-lab.com
CONTACT: research () vulnerability-lab com



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