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RE: SMS Banking
From: "Craig S. Wright" <craig.wright () Information-Defense com>
Date: Mon, 8 Feb 2010 15:05:30 +1100

The solution needs to be based on risk.

Where a system uses an SMS response with a separate system (such as a web
page), the probability that the banking user is compromised and a fraud is
committed, P(Compromise), can be calculated as:
        P(Compromise) =  P(C.SMS) x P(C.PIN)


Where:  P(C.SMS) is the probability of compromising the SMS function and 
                P(C.PIN) is the compromise of the user authentication method


The user can be compromised by Trojan apps, poor pins that are pasted to a
monitor etc. 

P(C.SMS) and P(C.PIN) are statistically independent and hence we can simply
multiply these two probability functions to gain P(Compromise). The reason
for this is that (at present) the SMS and web functions are not the same
process and compromising one does not aid in compromising another. With the
uptake of 4G networks this may change and the function will not remain as
simple.

It may be possible to compromise GSM, but the truth is that this must be
done from a select number of locations and the attacker also requires far
more information than the PIN and account number. This makes the attack far
more difficult and far costlier to the attacker. 

This also means that the attack has to be targeted in place of scripted (as
many bots already are).

On the other hand, the probability that an SMS only system can be cracked is
simply the P(C.SMS) function and this is far lower than a system that
deploys multiple methods.

This SMS only means would not be a good means of authentication a user. As a
secondary factor, SMS adds complexity. By itself, SMS is a poor means of
controlling risk.

Regards,
...
Dr. Craig S Wright GSE-Malware, GSE-Compliance, LLM, & ...
Information Defense Pty Ltd


-----Original Message-----
From: listbounce () securityfocus com [mailto:listbounce () securityfocus com] On
Behalf Of Markus Matiaschek
Sent: Saturday, 6 February 2010 9:08 AM
To: M.D.Mufambisi
Cc: pen-test () securityfocus com; security-basics () securityfocus com
Subject: Re: SMS Banking

Hi,

I'd just like to make some comments, i didn't think about a solution
for your problem.

First of all i think that my Budi wibowo got something wrong regarding
who is sending the PIN.

Second, GSM is cracked: http://reflextor.com/trac/a51 and can be
intercepted and decrypted. You should take this into account.

Third i think the only farely safe way to make money transfers is with
transaction numbers, TANs. German banks send mobileTANs to
preregistered cell phone numbers to allow a transaction (through
online banking though).
A "three-way-handshake" with a mTAN should pretty much prevent
transactions through spoofed numbers.

regards,
Markus Matiaschek
Absolute IT Consulting S.A.
San José, Costa Rica

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